|Chamber||The irradiation was performed inside an incubator (47 x 58 x 47 cm³) at 37 °C.|
|Setup||The cells from a stock flask were seeded into culture dishes and irradiated from the bottom through a polystyrene base plate. The antenna was placed sufficiently near for the beam to cover the entire surface of the samples, but still at far field conditions.|
|Sham exposure||A sham exposure was conducted.|
|Additional info||Resonance phenomena due to reflections inside the incubator were excluded.|
Millimeter wave exposure induced a noticeable inhibition of the cell proliferation that could be related to ultrastructural changes (e.g. increase in the number of mitochondria). Such effects brought the exposed cell system to lose the homeostasis (and resulted in a high metabolic state).
Kinetic of glucose metabolism demonstrated that the exposed cells enhanced the glycolytic aerobic pathway, indicating that such system need to produce an extra-bioenergy. Most of the ATP synthesized served probably to perform the above processes resulting in a significant decrease of the proliferation rate without significant cell death increment.