Data on the electromagnetic field exposure and health information were collected in following three sites: the 'exposed' communities Akrotiri and Asomatos (in a distance of 1-3 km to the military antenna), and the 'unexposed' village Pano Kyvides (in a distance of 15 km).
|Reference group 1||Pano Kyvides: < 0.01 V/m|
|Group 2||Akrotiri: average broadband outdoor field strength (all sources, military, civil and broadcast): 0.57 V/m; military transmission (17.6 MHz): 0.11 V/m|
|Group 3||Asomatos: average broadband outdoor field strength (all sources, military, civil and broadcast): 0.46 V/m; military transmission (17.6 MHz): 0.04 V/m|
|Participation rate||87 %|
800 inhabitants in Akrotiri, 350 in Asomatos and 1000 in Pano Kyvides
Compared with the control village, there were significant differences in the reporting of migraine (unadjusted OR for Akrotiri: 2.7; CI 1.82-4.10), headache (unadjusted OR for Akrotiri: 3.7; CI 2.71-5.00), and dizziness (unadjusted OR 2.7) among the residents of the exposed communities. There was no evidence of increased cancer incidence, childhood illness or negative reproductive effects among the exposed residents. They showed greater negative views of their health in all eight domains of the SF-36 health survey. There were also higher levels of perceived risk, particularly to noise and electrosmog. The possible effect on mortality could not be determined due to uncertain data.
The authors conclude that the results of this study do not exclude the possibility that proximity to electromagnetic field sources have an effect on well-being and health. However, the measured field levels do not suggest any causal association, even close (in a distance of 1-3 km) to powerful military antenna transmissions, the dominant sources of radiofrequency fields were cell phone base stations and national broadcast systems. Part of the explanation of the health effects could be heightened risk perception. Residential proximity to the military antennae may also be associated with general pollution, including aircraft noise.