Study type: Medical/biological study (observational study)

Effects of exposure to a mobile phone on sexual behavior in adult male rabbit: an observational study (RETRACTED). retracted

Published in: Int J Impot Res 2010; 22 (2): 127-133

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To study the effects of exposure to a mobile phone on sexual behavior in adult male rabbits. (The study was retracted by the authors (Salama et al. 2012)).

Background/further details

18 male rabbits were randomly divided into exposure and two control groups (sham exposure and cage control). On the day of mating, males were given access to six estrous females for a period of three minutes each.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 800 MHz
Exposure duration: continuous for 8 hr/day during 12 weeks

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 800 MHz
Exposure duration continuous for 8 hr/day during 12 weeks
Additional info phone used in standby mode
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Setup animals kept during exposure in 50 cm x 25 cm x 35 cm cages with plastic partitions to restrict animals so that their genitalia were opposite the antennas of the mobile phones
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
SAR 0.43 W/kg - - whole body -
electric field strength 2.92 V/m average over time estimated - at 0.5 cm from the phone
electric field strength 0.487 V/m average over time estimated - at the most distant region of the cage

Reference articles

  • Salama N et al. (2010): Effects of exposure to a mobile phone on testicular function and structure in adult rabbit. (RETRACTED)

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
  • before exposure
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

The main type of mounts in the exposed group was mount without ejaculation and its duration and frequency increased significantly compared with the controls. The reverse effect was observed in the mounts with ejaculation (i.e. frequency and duration of mounts with ejaculation were significantly lower in exposed animals).
The hormonal assays did not show any significant differences between the three groups.
The authors conclude that the pulsed radiofrequency emitted by a conventional mobile phone in standby position, could affect the sexual behavior in rabbits.

Study character:

Study funded by

Comments on this article