Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

The induction of Epstein-Barr Virus early antigen expression in Raji cells by GSM mobile phone radiation med./bio.

Published in: Biomed Environ Sci 2013; 26 (1): 76-78

Aim of study (acc. to editor)

To study the effect of mobile phone exposure on the EBV-EA gene expression (EBV-EA gene has been identified as a cancer-related gene).

Background/further details

The cells were divided into four groups (3 flasks per group): group A and group B were not exposed, group C and group D were exposed. Group B and Group D were cultured in TPA (as a tumor promoter) for 48 h before each test.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 900 MHz
Modulation type: pulsed
Exposure duration: continuous for 4 h every day up to 4 weeks
  • SAR: 0.02 mW/g average over mass (1 g)

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 900 MHz
Exposure duration continuous for 4 h every day up to 4 weeks
Modulation type pulsed
Additional info


Exposure setup
Exposure source
Chamber cells were exposed in flasks
Setup the geometric center of the cell culture flask bottom was put over the mobile phone antenna and 1 mm from the surface of the mobile phone
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
SAR 0.02 mW/g average over mass - 1 g -

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Time of investigation:
  • during exposure
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

The data indicated that mobile phone exposure could induce the expression of EBV-EA in Raji cells and the induction was even more evident with the presence of the tumor promoter TPA.

Study character:

Study funded by

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