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Epidemiological study (observational study)

Health effects of living near mobile phone base transceiver station (BTS) antennae: a report from Isfahan, Iran.

Published in: Electromagn Biol Med 2014; 33 (3): 206-210

Aim of study (acc. to author)

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Iran to examine health complaints among subjects living near mobile phone base stations.

Further details

The study design is based on the study by Alazawi (2011).

Endpoint/type of risk estimation

Type of risk estimation:
  • prevalence

Exposure

Assessment

Exposure groups

Reference group 1 distance between residence and base station: > 300 m
Group 2 distance between residence and base station: ≤ 300 m
Group 3 distance between residence and base station: < 10 m
Group 4 distance between residence and base station: 10 - 50 m
Group 5 distance between residence and base station: 50 - 100 m
Group 6 distance between residence and base station: 100 - 200 m
Group 7 distance between residence and base station: 200 - 300 m

Population

  • Group:
    • men
    • women
  • Age: ≥ 18 years
  • Characteristics: residents have been living for more than one year near a base station
  • Observation period: October 2012 - November 2012
  • Study location: Iran (Isfahan)
  • Exclusion criteria: living near transformers (≤ 10 m) and/or power lines (≤ 100 m)

Study size

Total 250
Statistical analysis method:
  • Chi-square test

Conclusion (acc. to author)

Most of the health complaints such as nausea, headache, dizziness, irritability, discomfort, nervousness, depression, sleep disturbance, memory loss and lowering of libido were statistically significantly more often reported by residents living near a base station (≤ 300 m distance) compared to those living in a distance of more than 300 m to a base station.
The authors suggested that mobile phone base stations should not be sited closer than 300 m to residences to minimize exposure of the residents.

Study funded by

  • not stated/no funding

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