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Epidemiological study (observational study)

Subjective symptoms related to GSM radiation from mobile phone base stations: a cross-sectional study.

Published in: BMJ Open 2013; 3 (12): e003836

Aim of study (acc. to author)

A re-analysis of the data of the publication by Navarro et al. (2003), in which health symptoms related to microwave exposure from mobile phone base stations were explored, was performed by applying a new statistical approach and including data obtained in a retrospective inquiry about fear of exposure from a base station.

Endpoint/type of risk estimation

Type of risk estimation:
  • prevalence




  • Group:
    • men
    • women
  • Age: 15–81 years
  • Observation period: January 2001
  • Study location: Spain (La Nora)

Study size

Participants 101
Evaluable 88
Other: exclusion due to alcohol abuse (n=1), pregnancy (n=1) and measurement during rain (n=11)
Statistical analysis method:
  • logistic regression

Conclusion (acc. to author)

A total of 13.6% participants regularly used computers and 23.9% used mobile phones in 2001.
The symptoms most related to exposure to mobile phone base stations were lack of appetite (OR 1.58, CI 1.23-2.03), lack of concentration (OR 1.54, CI 1.25-1.89), irritability (OR 1.51, CI 1.23-1.85); and trouble sleeping (OR 1.49, CI 1.20-1.84). Concerns about the base stations were strongly related with trouble sleeping (OR 3.12, CI 1.10-8.86).
The authors conclude that this study confirms their preliminary results published by Navarro et al (2003).

Study funded by

  • Ministerio Espanol de Ciencia y Tecnologia (Ministry of Science and Technology), Spain

Comments on this article

  • Gomez-Perretta C et al. (2014): Comment to the Letter to the Editor: Subjective Symptoms Related to GSM Radiation from Mobile Phone Base Stations: A Cross-sectional Study in Reply to the Comments by Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi.
  • Mortazavi SM (2014): Subjective Symptoms Related to GSM Radiation from Mobile Phone Base Stations: a cross-sectional study.

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