Study type: Epidemiological study (observational study)

Evaluation of factors affecting birth weight and preterm birth in southern Turkey. epidem.

Published in: J Pak Med Assoc 2013; 63 (4): 459-462

Aim of study (acc. to author)

A study was conducted in Turkey to identify factors affecting birth weight and pre-term birth, and to find associations with electromagnetic devices such as television, computer and mobile phones.

Endpoint/type of risk estimation

Type of risk estimation:

Exposure

Assessment

Exposure groups

Group Description
Reference group 1 no mobile phone use
Group 2 mobile phone use
Reference group 3 no computer use
Group 4 computer use

Population

Study size

Type Value
Total 500
Statistical analysis method:

Conclusion (acc. to author)

90 (19%) mothers had pre-term birth and 64 (12.9%) had low birth weight. During the last pregnancy, all of the participants had watched TV every day, 343 (68%) of the mothers had used mobile phones and 99 (19.8%) of them had used computers. All the 3 devices were used by 99 (19.8%) mothers.
The habit of watching television and using mobile phones and computers by mothers did not show any relationship with the birth weight. Mothers who used mobile phones or computers during pregnancy had more deliveries before 37 weeks (p=0.018, p=0.034; respectively). Similarly, pregnancy duration was shorter in mothers who used either mobile phone or computers during pregnancy (p=0.005, p=0.048, respectively).
The authors concluded that mobile phone and computer use may have an effect on preterm birth.

Study funded by

Related articles