Study type: Law/recommendation/guideline

IEEE Standard for Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields, 0 Hz to 300 GHz guideline

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
2019, IEEE Std C95.1-2019: 1-312, ISBN 978-1-5044-5548-0


The standard specifies exposure criteria and limits to protect against established adverse health effects in humans associated with exposure to electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields in the frequency range of 0 Hz to 300 GHz. These limits, incorporating safety margins, are expressed in terms of dosimetric reference limits (DRL) and exposure reference levels (ERL). DRLs are expressed in terms of in situ electric field strength (0 Hz to 5 MHz), specific absorption rate (SAR, 100 kHz to 6 GHz), and epithelial power density (6 GHz to 300 GHz). ERLs, which are more easily determined, are limits on external electric and magnetic fields, incident power density, induced and contact currents, and contact voltages intended to ensure that the DRLs are not exceeded.

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