Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Serum enzymes in hemorrhaged Japanese quail after microwave irradiation during embryogeny. med./bio.

Published in: Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol 1988; 89 (4): 531-534

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To assess cell death or injury in vivo after an acute hemorrhage in Japanese quail which had been irradiated with low level microwave irradiation in ovo.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 2.45 GHz
Modulation type: CW
Exposure duration: first 12 days of artifical breeding

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 2.45 GHz
Exposure duration first 12 days of artifical breeding
Modulation type CW
Exposure setup
Exposure source
  • not specified
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
SAR 4.03 nW/g - - - -
power density 5 mW/cm² - - - -

Reference articles

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

Only the enzymatic activity level of glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) was found to be statistically significant higher in irradiated quail than in non-irradiated. No significant alterations for glucose, serum protein, LDH, beta-glucuronidase and acid phosphatase were found compared to the non-irradiated control.

Study character:

Study funded by