Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1432 studies in total
  1. 588 studies
  2. 457 studies
  3. 439 studies
  4. 191 studies
  5. 163 studies
  6. 94 studies

DNA

457 studies in total
  1. 240 studies
  2. 169 studies
  3. 92 studies
  4. 39 studies

Gene/protein expression (in general) 92 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Morrissey JJ et al. 1999 animal, mouse/BALB/c, partial body: head expression of c-<i>fos</i> (a proto-oncogene) 1.6 GHz 6.42–26.29 W/kg continuous for 1 h IRIDIUM, mobile communications
Ni S et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, human eye lens epithelial cells (HLE B3) cell viability, oxidative stress 1,800 MHz 2–4 W/kg intermittent (5 minutes field "on"/10 minutes field "off") for up to 24 hours GSM, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Nikolova T et al. 2005 intact cell/cell culture, ES R1 cells (mouse embryonic stem cells) different effects (e.g. different transcript levels, genotoxicity, proliferation, apoptosis, cytotoxicity, mitochondrial function) 50 Hz–1.25 kHz 1.5 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/30 min off, for 6 h and 48 h GSM, mobile communications, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line
Nittby H et al. 2008 animal, rat/Fischer 344, whole body gene expression and gene ontology analysis for cortex and hippocampus 1,800 MHz 13–30 mW/kg continuous for 6 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM
Nylund R et al. 2004 intact cell/cell culture, EA.hy926 cells protein expression 900 MHz 2.4 W/kg continuous for 1 h GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Nylund R et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, EA.hy926 cells and EA.hy926v1 cells gene and protein expression 900 MHz 2.8 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Nylund R et al. 2009 intact cell/cell culture, EA.hy926 cells protein expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM
Nylund R et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture protein expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Ozgur E et al. 2021 intact cell/cell culture - 900–2,100 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM
Pacini S et al. 2002 intact cell/cell culture, human skin fibroblasts gene expression, cell morphology 902.4 MHz 0.6 W/kg continuous for 1 h GSM, mobile communications