Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Grundy A et al. 2016 case-control study men, ≥ 18 years 1994 - 1998 Canada male breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Zhang Y et al. 2016 meta-analysis men, women, children 1960 - 2009 USA, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, France, Italy, Germany, UK, Japan, China, New Zealand, Brazil, Iran leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, other cancer, childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz
Zhao G et al. 2014 meta-analysis men, women 1960 - 2002 USA, Sweden, Norway, Canada female and male breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, occupational, residential, personal
Koeman T et al. 2014 cohort study men, women, 55–69 years 1986 - 2003 the Netherlands Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, diffuse B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, multiple myeloma, leukemia, myeloid leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, brain tumor, breast cancer, lung cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Li W et al. 2013 case-control study women, ≥ 30 years 1989 - 2000 China breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Chen Q et al. 2013 meta-analysis - 1960 - 2002 USA, Sweden, Norway, Canada, Taiwan breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, occupational, residential, personal
Sun JW et al. 2013 meta-analysis men 1970 - 2002 Sweden, Denmark, Norway France, UK, USA, Korea, Canada male breast cancer Radio/TV transmitter, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, residential
Elliott P et al. 2013 case-control study men, women, 15–74 years 1974 - 2008 UK leukemia, brain tumor and central nervous system cancer, female breast cancer, malignant melanoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Stein Y et al. 2011 - men, women, 18–69 years not stated Israel leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, testicular cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, bone cancer, malignant melanoma, lung cancer and other cancer types RF field, Radio/TV transmitter, radar, wireless transmitter, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, PC/TV monitor, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Chen C et al. 2010 meta-analysis women, 15–75 years 1976 - 2001 USA, Canada, Norway, and Sweden breast cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, occupational, residential
Milham S et al. 2008 cohort study men, women 1988 - 2007 USA breast cancer, malignant melanoma, thyroid cancer, uterus cancer, and other types of cancer, all cancer magnetic field, signals/pulses, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, occupational
Johansen C et al. 2007 cohort study men, women 1968 - 2002 Denmark leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Ray R 2007 cohort study women 1989 - 1998 China breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
McElroy JA et al. 2007 case-control study women, 20–69 years not specified USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Davis S et al. 2007 case-control study women, 20–74 years November 1992 - March 1995, March 2000 - December 2001 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Nichols L et al. 2005 cohort study men, women 1973 - 2002 UK leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, female breast cancer and male breast cancer, oesophagus cancer, stomach cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer and other cancer types, all cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, suicide and depression, other diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Beniashvili D et al. 2005 cohort study women, ≥ 60 years 1978 - 2003 Israel breast cancer electric field, magnetic field, low frequency, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, 50/60 Hz, personal
Forssen UM et al. 2005 case-control study women, ≥ 15 years 1976 - 1999 Sweden breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Beniashvili D et al. 2005 case-control study women 1978 - 2003 Israel breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, personal
Milham S 2004 - men 1985 - 1995 USA male breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Kliukiene J et al. 2004 case-control study women 1980 - 1996 Norway breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational, residential
Zhu K et al. 2003 case-control study women, 20–64 years 1995 - 1998 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, personal
Labreche F et al. 2003 case-control study women 1996 - 1997 Canada postmenopausal breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
London SJ et al. 2003 case-control study women, 45–74 years 1993 - 1999 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kabat GC et al. 2003 case-control study women 1996 - 1997 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal