Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Mejia-Arangure JM et al. 2007 case-control study children, 0–16 years 1995 - 2003 Mexico acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Michaelis J et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1988 - June 1993 Germany childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Michaelis J et al. 1998 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1988 - June 1993 in Lower Saxony, January 1991 - September 1994 in Berlin Germany acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Milham S et al. 2001 - children, 0–4 years 1920 - 1960 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential, personal
Miller MA et al. 1995 meta-analysis men, women, children, 0–79 years - USA, Sweden, UK, leukemia and lymphoma, all cancer, childhood leukemia, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Mizoue T et al. 2004 - children, 0–14 years 1992 - 2001 Japan childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Myers A et al. 1990 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1970 - 1979 UK childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Núñez-Enríquez JC et al. 2020 case-control study children, 0–15 years 2010 - 2011 Mexico B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Olsen J et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–14 years April 1968 - December 1986 Denmark childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, tumor of the central nervous system, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Pearce MS et al. 2007 case-control study men, women, children, 0–25 years 1968 - 2000 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, retinoblastoma, renal tumor, hepatic tumor, malignant bone tumor, soft tissue sarcoma, germ cell neoplasm electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Pedersen C et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1968 - 2006 Denmark childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, underground cable, electrical substation, residential
Pedersen C et al. 2015 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1968 - 2003 Denmark childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, underground cable, electrical substation, residential
Petridou E et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1993 - 1994 Greece childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Petridou E et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1987 - June 1991 Greece childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Petridou E et al. 1993 - children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1989 Greece childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, personal
Rahman HIA et al. 2008 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 2001 - May 2007 Malaysia acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Salvan A et al. 2015 case-control study children, 0–10 years 1998 - 2001 Italy childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Savitz DA et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1983 USA leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, soft tissue sarcoma, and other types, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Savitz DA et al. 1990 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1983 USA childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal
Savitz DA et al. 1988 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 1976 - December 1983 USA childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, solid tissue tumors and other cancers, all childhood cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Schüz J et al. 2001 case-control study children, 0–14 years a) October 1992 - September 1994, b) January 1990 - September 1994 West Germany acute leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Schüz J et al. 2007 pooled analysis children, 0–16 years 1988 - 1996 Canada, Germany, United Kingdom, USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Schüz J et al. 2012 pooled analysis children, 1–14 years different in each country, starting in 1988 Canada, Denmark, Germany, New Zealand, Sweden, USA, UK, Japan childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Seomun G et al. 2021 meta-analysis children, 0–19 years 1960 - 2009 UK, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Italy, New Zealand, Canada, USA, Japan, Iran, Brazil, Czech Republic, Malaysia childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, low frequency, power transmission line, 50/60 Hz
Sermage-Faure C et al. 2013 case-control study children, 0–14 years 2002 - 2007 France acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Skinner J et al. 2002 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1992 - 1996 UK acute lymphoblastic leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Smulevich VB et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1986 - 1988 Russia leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer radar, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Sohrabi MR et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–18 years January 2009 - May 2009 Iran acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Sorahan T et al. 1999 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–15 years 1953 - 1981 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Su L et al. 2016 meta-analysis men, women, children, children in utero, 0–30 years 1953 - 2006 Sweden, Spain, UK, Germany, Russia, Canada, China, Taiwan, Australia childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Svendsen AL et al. 2007 cohort study children, 1–14 years July 1988 - June 1993 (Lower Saxony), January 1991 - September 1994 (Berlin), January 1990 - September 1994 (West Germany) West-Germany acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Swanson J et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer electric field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF, co-exposure
Swanson J et al. 2018 reanalysis, case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, magnetic field, residential
Swanson J et al. 2019 meta-analysis children, 0–14 years - USA, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Mexico, Taiwan, Germany, Greece, New Zealand, Italy, UK, Japan, China, Iran, Brazil, Czech Republic, France, Malaysia childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Tabrizi MM et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–11 years 2013 - 2014 Iran acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Tabrizi MM et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–11 years not stated Iran acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Talibov M et al. 2019 pooled analysis, meta-analysis children, children in utero, 0–14 years 1989 - 2011 Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, New Zealand, UK, USA acute lymphatic leukemia (B- and T-cell lineages), acute myeloid leukemia magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Theriault G et al. 1997 meta-analysis men, women, children - - leukemia, childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Thomas DC et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–10 years 1980 - 1987 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Tynes T et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1965 - 1989 Norway childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer, all childhood cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 01/1991 - 12/1994 in Scotland, 4/1992 - 12/1994 in Wales and England, 1995 for leukemia and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 1996 for leukemia UK acute lymphoblastic leukemia, total leukemia, cancer of central nervous system, other malignant diseases magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 01/1991 - 12/1994 in Scotland, 4/1992 - 12/1994 in Wales and England, 1995 for leukemia and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 1996 for leukemia UK acute lymphoblastic leukemia, total leukemia, cancer of central nervous system, other malignant disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Verkasalo PK et al. 1993 cohort study children, 0–19 years 1970 - 1989 Finland childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, central nervous system tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wartenberg D 1998 meta-analysis children - USA, Taiwan, Australia, Mexico, Sweden, UK, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Netherlands, Greece childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wertheimer N et al. 1979 case-control study children, 0–18 years 1950 - 1973 USA childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wünsch Filho V et al. 2011 case-control study children, 0–8 years January 2003 - February 2009 Brazil acute lymphocytic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Zhang Y et al. 2016 meta-analysis men, women, children 1960 - 2009 USA, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, France, Italy, Germany, UK, Japan, China, New Zealand, Brazil, Iran leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, other cancer, childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz
Zhao L et al. 2014 meta-analysis children, 0–15 years 1962 - 2007 USA, Canada, UK, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand all childhood leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential