Study overviews

Experimental studies on magnetic power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

1788 studies in total
  1. 667 studies
  2. 533 studies
  3. 437 studies
  4. 347 studies
  5. 296 studies
  6. 185 studies

Health

667 studies in total
  1. 104 studies
  2. 86 studies
  3. 81 studies
  4. 79 studies
  5. 76 studies
  6. 74 studies
  7. 69 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 52 studies
  10. 43 studies
  11. 28 studies
  12. 21 studies
  13. 20 studies
  14. 19 studies
  15. 10 studies
  16. 7 studies
  17. 5 studies
  18. 3 studies
  19. one study

Endocrine changes (melatonin) 74 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Parameters Magnetic flux density/field strength
Youbicier-Simo BJ et al. 1997 animal, chicken embryos (eggs) and chickens after hatching, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, intermediate frequency, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor 2–660 nT
Touitou Y et al. 2003 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, residential 0.004–2.6 µT
Cocco P et al. 2005 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, other domestic appliance, low frequency, residential 0.0045–0.148 µT
Clark ML et al. 2007 human, whole body Radio/TV transmitter, magnetic field, intermediate frequency, 50/60 Hz, residential 20–130 nT
Burch JB et al. 1999 human, whole body magnetic field, geomagnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, co-exposure 21.7 nT
Bastide M et al. 2001 animal, chicken embryos (eggs) and chicks, mouse/C57BL/6 j RJ, whole body mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, shielding/field deprivation 0.03 µT–660 nT
Ichinose TY et al. 2004 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 0.04–0.25 µT
Wilson BW et al. 1990 human, whole body magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket 0.056–0.66 µT
Noonan CW et al. 2002 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational 0.06–0.3 µT
Rosen LA et al. 1998 intact cell/cell culture, rat pinealcytes magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, shielding/field deprivation 70 nT–50 µT
Burch JB et al. 1999 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 0.078–0.135 µT
Davis S et al. 2001 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential, co-exposure, also other exposures without EMF 0.1 µT
Youngstedt SD et al. 2002 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, other domestic appliance, inhouse wiring, residential, co-exposure 100 nT–6.31 µT
Dyche J et al. 2012 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 0.1 µT–0.1 mT
Levallois P et al. 2001 human, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential 0.13–0.33 µT
Burch JB et al. 1998 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 200 nT
Lee Jr JM et al. 1993 animal, sheep/Suffolk (lambs), whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 0.28–7.9 µT
Loscher W et al. 1994 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 300 nT–1 µT
Burch JB et al. 2000 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational 0.36–1.05 µT
Kolbabova T et al. 2015 animal, cow (calve)/Holstein and Czech Red Pied cattle, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.39–0.41 µT
Bellieni CV et al. 2012 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, therapeutic/medical device 0.45–8.84 µT
Davis S et al. 2006 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.5–1 µT
de Bruyn L et al. 2001 animal, mouse/AKR and BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 500 nT–77 µT
Hong SC et al. 2001 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket 700 nT–8.3 µT
Kato M et al. 1994 animal, rat/Long-Evans, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1 µT