German: Agar
Japanese: 寒天

Biochemistry. This gelatinous material is an extract from red algae (Rhodophyceae). Agar is a polymer of galactose units, it dissolves in hot water and solidifies as a gel when it is cooled down again. It is used in solid culture mediums for bacteria, as diffusion medium in electrophoresis, as an emulsifier, as a laxative, and in drug production.

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