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To evaluate the fertility and development of Trichoplusia ni, either larvae, pupae, or adults were exposed to the magnetic field for 24 hours. After exposure, larvae or pupae were allowed to reach the adult stage to evaluate their oviposition rate. From each group (exposed as larvae, pupae or adult), 11 males and 11 females were put in a plastic container for mating. To assess immunological parameters, third-instar larvae were exposed for 72 hours (Remark EMF-Portal: In the abstract, there is also an exposure period of 48 hours given. However, no results for this are presented in the article or in figures). When larvae reached fourth-instar larvae stadium, the third segment was cut and hemolymph was collected.