Mobile Phone Use and The Risk of Headache: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cross-sectional Studies
Published in: Sci Rep 2017; 7: 12595
Aim of study (acc. to author)
Endpoint/type of risk estimation
Reference group 1
mobile phone use: no
mobile phone use: yes
Reference group 3
mobile phone use: < 2 min/day
mobile phone use: 2 - 15 min/day
mobile phone use: >15 min/day
Reference group 6
mobile phone use: < 2 calls/day
mobile phone use: 2 - 4 calls/day
mobile phone use: > 4 calls/day
1996 - 2014
China, Denmark, India, Norway, Singapore, Sweden, Taiwan
Statistical analysis method:
heterogeneity test, random-effects model, fixed-effects model, funnel plot
Results (acc. to author)
risk of headache was observed in mobile phone users compared with non-users (group 2: OR 1.38, CI 1.18–1.61). Among mobile phone users, the risk of headache was also increased in those who had longer daily call duration compared users with call duration of < 2 min/day (group 4: OR 1.62, CI 1.34–1.98; group 5: OR 2.50, CI 1.76–3.54) and higher daily call frequency compared to < 2 calls/day (group 7: OR 1.37, CI 1.07–1.76; group 8: OR 2.52, CI 1.78–3.58). The authors conclude that mobile phone use is significantly associated with headache. Further epidemiologic and experimental studies are required to affirm and understand this association.
Study funded by
Chinese National Science Foundation
National Key Technologies R&D Program, China
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