Varicocele is a varicose condition of veins in the scrotum and can lead to infertility.
Semen quality was assessed using four parameters (sperm motility, concentration and morphology) according to the criteria of the World Health Organization of 1999.
|Reference group 1||mobile phone use: no|
|Group 2||mobile phone use: yes, storage in trouser pocket|
Men with mobile phone storage in trouser pockets compared with non-users showed a higher percentage of pathologic sperm morphology and reduced luteinizing hormone level. No combined effect of varicocele and mobile phone storage in trouser pocket was observed.