To investigate possible effects on human sperm parameters exposed to electromagnetic irradiation of a GSM mobile phone in vitro.
The study population was composed of 27 healthy men with normal sperm parameters defined by the WHO. The sperm sample from each participant was divided into electromagnetic irradiation-exposed and not-exposed group.
Modulation type: pulsed
Exposure duration: continuous for 5 min
|Exposure duration||continuous for 5 min|
|Distance between exposed object and exposure source||10 cm|
|Chamber||In the exposure room, there were no other metal or ferromagnetic materials around the clean benches made of marble that would change the structure of the EMF. The use of any EMF emitting device was not allowed.|
|power||2 W||peak value||-||-||-|
|power density||0.02 mW/cm²||mean||-||-||-|
|magnetic flux density||7.1 µT||-||measured||-||1.7-7.1 µT|
Statistically significant differences in sperm motility were observed in the rapid progressive, slow progressive and no motility categories. Electromagnetic irradiation exposure caused a subtle decrease in the rapid progressive and slow progressive sperm motility. It also caused an increase in the no motility category of sperm motility.
There was no statistically significant difference in the sperm concentration between the exposed and not-exposed group.