Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Feychting M et al. 1995 pooled analysis children, 0–15 years 1960 - 1986 Sweden and Denmark leukaemia, malignant lymphoma, central nervous system tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Su L et al. 2016 meta-analysis men, women, children, children in utero, 0–30 years 1953 - 2006 Sweden, Spain, UK, Germany, Russia, Canada, China, Taiwan, Australia childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Lin RS et al. 1994 cohort study children, 0–14 years 1979 - 1988 Taiwan childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Li CY et al. 1998 cohort study children, 0–14 years 1987 - 1992 Taiwan childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Myers A et al. 1990 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1970 - 1979 UK childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Sorahan T et al. 1999 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–15 years 1953 - 1981 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 01/1991 - 12/1994 in Scotland, 4/1992 - 12/1994 in Wales and England, 1995 for leukemia and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 1996 for leukemia UK acute lymphoblastic leukemia, total leukemia, cancer of central nervous system, other malignant diseases magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 01/1991 - 12/1994 in Scotland, 4/1992 - 12/1994 in Wales and England, 1995 for leukemia and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 1996 for leukemia UK acute lymphoblastic leukemia, total leukemia, cancer of central nervous system, other malignant disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Skinner J et al. 2002 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1992 - 1996 UK acute lymphoblastic leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Draper G et al. 2005 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962-1995 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Pearce MS et al. 2007 case-control study men, women, children, 0–25 years 1968 - 2000 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, retinoblastoma, renal tumor, hepatic tumor, malignant bone tumor, soft tissue sarcoma, germ cell neoplasm electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Kroll ME et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962-1995 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Bunch KJ et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other solid tumors magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Swanson J et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer electric field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF, co-exposure
Bunch KJ et al. 2015 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, underground cable, high-voltage direct current (HVDC), residential
Bunch KJ et al. 2016 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK lymphoid leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Swanson J et al. 2018 reanalysis, case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, magnetic field, residential
Seomun G et al. 2021 meta-analysis children, 0–19 years 1960 - 2009 UK, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Italy, New Zealand, Canada, USA, Japan, Iran, Brazil, Czech Republic, Malaysia childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, low frequency, power transmission line, 50/60 Hz
Fulton JP et al. 1980 case-control study children, 0–20 years 1964 - 1978 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wertheimer N et al. 1979 case-control study children, 0–18 years 1950 - 1973 USA childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Jackson JD 1992 - men, women, children 1969 - 1986 USA leukemia, lung cancer, all cancer, childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Savitz DA et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1983 USA leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, soft tissue sarcoma, and other types, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Linet MS et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1989 - 1994 USA acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Savitz DA et al. 1990 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1983 USA childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal
Hatch EE et al. 1998 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–14 years 1989 - 1993 USA acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal
London SJ et al. 1991 case-control study children, 0–10 years 1980 - 1987 USA childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential
Bowman JD et al. 1995 case-control study, reanalysis children, 0–10 years not stated USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Savitz DA et al. 1988 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 1976 - December 1983 USA childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, solid tissue tumors and other cancers, all childhood cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Thomas DC et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–10 years 1980 - 1987 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kleinerman RA et al. 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1989 - 1993 USA acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Auvinen A et al. 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1989 - 1993 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Milham S et al. 2001 - children, 0–4 years 1920 - 1960 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential, personal
Foliart DE et al. 2006 cohort study, prospective cohort study children, 1–15 years beginning in September 1996 - January 2001; event free time tracked until December 2004 USA acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, residential
Does M et al. 2011 case-control study children, 0–8 years March 2002 - June 2007 USA childhood leukemia touch current, 50/60 Hz, residential
Crespi CM et al. 2016 case-control study children, 0–15 years 1986 - 2008 USA childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kheifets L et al. 2017 case-control study children, 0–16 years 1988 - 2008 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, low frequency, residential
Crespi CM et al. 2019 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1986 - 2008 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, power transmission line, 50/60 Hz, residential
Greenland S et al. 2000 meta-analysis children, 0–14 years - USA, Canada, England, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Germany, Denmark, New Zealand, Mexico childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Swanson J et al. 2019 meta-analysis children, 0–14 years - USA, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Mexico, Taiwan, Germany, Greece, New Zealand, Italy, UK, Japan, China, Iran, Brazil, Czech Republic, France, Malaysia childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Zhang Y et al. 2016 meta-analysis men, women, children 1960 - 2009 USA, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, France, Italy, Germany, UK, Japan, China, New Zealand, Brazil, Iran leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, other cancer, childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz
Zhao L et al. 2014 meta-analysis children, 0–15 years 1962 - 2007 USA, Canada, UK, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand all childhood leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Angelillo IF et al. 1999 meta-analysis children, 0–20 years - USA, England, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Germany, Denmark, Greece, and New Zealand childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Miller MA et al. 1995 meta-analysis men, women, children, 0–79 years - USA, Sweden, UK, leukemia and lymphoma, all cancer, childhood leukemia, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wartenberg D 1998 meta-analysis children - USA, Taiwan, Australia, Mexico, Sweden, UK, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Netherlands, Greece childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Meinert R et al. 1996 meta-analysis children, 0–19 years - USA, UK, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Greece, Mexico childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Coghill RW et al. 1996 case-control study children, 0–14 years April 1985 - March 1995 United Kingdom acute lymphocytic leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, other domestic appliance, residential
Schüz J et al. 2001 case-control study children, 0–14 years a) October 1992 - September 1994, b) January 1990 - September 1994 West Germany acute leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Svendsen AL et al. 2007 cohort study children, 1–14 years July 1988 - June 1993 (Lower Saxony), January 1991 - September 1994 (Berlin), January 1990 - September 1994 (West Germany) West-Germany acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential