Distance between exposed object and exposure source
The coil was lowered into the incubation chamber which was movable to get the desired MF at the location of the sample. The adherent cells on a glass cover slip were positioned 2 mm below the coil. For sham control, the current was passed into the two coil windings in opposite directions to obtain zero MF at the same time producing the same heat (37°C) as exposure experiments.
Istituto Superiore per la Prevenzione e la Sicurezza del Lavoro (ISPESL; National Institute for Occupational Safety and Prevention), Italy
Bai W et al.
Comparison of effects of high- and low-frequency electromagnetic fields on proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells
Ma Q et al.
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields promote in vitro neuronal differentiation and neurite outgrowth of embryonic neural stem cells via up-regulating TRPC1
Ma Q et al.
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields affect transcript levels of neuronal differentiation-related genes in embryonic neural stem cells
Li Y et al.
Pulsed electromagnetic field enhances brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression through L-type voltage-gated calcium channel- and Erk-dependent signaling pathways in neonatal rat dorsal root ganglion neurons
Bai WF et al.
Fifty-Hertz electromagnetic fields facilitate the induction of rat bone mesenchymal stromal cells to differentiate into functional neurons
Marcantonio P et al.
Synergic effect of retinoic acid and extremely low frequency magnetic field exposure on human neuroblastoma cell line BE(2)C
Piacentini R et al.
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields promote in vitro neurogenesis via upregulation of Ca(v)1-channel activity
Sul AR et al.
Effects of sinusoidal electromagnetic field on structure and function of different kinds of cell lines
Lisi A et al.
Exposure to 50 Hz electromagnetic radiation promote early maturation and differentiation in newborn rat cerebellar granule neurons
Manni V et al.
Low electromagnetic field (50 Hz) induces differentiation on primary human oral keratinocytes (HOK)