|Chamber||A pre-oxygenated avian Ringer's solution kept at 37°C was perfused in the sample holder.|
|Setup||The heart was placed in the sample holder with its main axis perpendicular to the EF in the max. field area and irradiated from the bottom by a tapered open coaxial section.|
|Additional info||In cases of regular heartbeat, the MW pulse rate was set a little higher than the unperturbed natural heart rate. In cases of arrhythmia, a constant pulse rate was selected within physiological limits (1-3 Hz). Usually, the beating heart allowed to conduct tests for about 6 h.|
|power density||3 mW/cm²||peak value||-||-||-|
An appropriate pulse repetition rate caused regularization of irregular heartbeat. During regular heartbeat, an increase of pulse repetition rate similarly increased the heartbeat frequency, until an irregular heartbeat appeared. By applying microwaves, when an arrhythmia occured, a regular heartbeat appeared after a few seconds.
These results suggest a mechanism for the synchronization effect induced by pulse-modulated microwaves on heart cells.