The effect of 2100 MHz radiofrequency radiation of a 3G mobile phone on the parotid gland of rats.
Published in: Am J Otolaryngol 2015; 36 (1): 39-46
Aim of study (acc. to author)
continuous for 6 h/d on 5 d/week for 10 days
continuous for 6 h/d on 5 d/week for 40 days
Distance between exposed object and exposure source
animals were kept in plexiglass cages (40 Œ 25 Œ 20 cm) at a temperature of 20-22°C
modulated 3G signals were produced by a vector signal generator connected to the antenna in a temperature-controlled, shielded room; 12 cm distance between the antenna and heads of rats
Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
Main outcome of study (acc. to author)
Study funded by
Ghoneim FM et al.
Histological and histochemical study of the protective role of rosemary extract against harmful effect of cell phone electromagnetic radiation on the parotid glands.
Abu Khadra KM et al.
Evaluation of selected biochemical parameters in the saliva of young males using mobile phones.
de Souza FT et al.
Cell phone use and parotid salivary gland alterations: no molecular evidence.
Khalil AM et al.
Assessment of oxidant/antioxidant status in saliva of cell phone users.
Hashemipour MS et al.
Effect of mobile phone use on salivary concentrations of protein, amylase, lipase, immunoglobulin A, lysozyme, lactoferrin, peroxidase and C-reactive protein of the parotid gland.
Hamzany Y et al.
Is human saliva an indicator of the adverse health effects of using mobile phones?
Bhargava S et al.
Effect of handheld mobile phone use on parotid gland salivary flow rate and volume.