This study aims to analyze time series of specific brain cancer subtypes and locations covering the time period of 1985–2014 in England. Additionally, the results are compared to a modelled 'synthetic England' time series.
In these analyses, the year 1995 was selected as reference year, when mobile phone penetration in England reached about 10% and mobile phones were introduced in society 10 years before. Three specific latency periods (5, 10 and 15 years) for development of brain tumor were modelled. By applying several covariate data (e.g. annual population estimates, median age of the UK population, populationprevalence of cigarette smokers and never smokers, urbanization rate, quality of cancer registration) a ‘synthetic England’ was constructed which describes what would have happened if mobile phones have not been introduced. Finally, the (causal) impact of mobile phone use was estimated by comparing the time series in the ‘synthetic England’ with the measured annual number of registered new cases.
de Vocht F
Corrigendum to "Inferring the 1985-2014 impact of mobile phone use on selected brain cancer subtypes using Bayesian structural time series and synthetic controls" [Environ. Int. (2016), 97, 100-107].
Chapman S et al.
Has the incidence of brain cancer risen in Australia since the introduction of mobile phones 29 years ago?
Sato Y et al.
Time trend in incidence of malignant neoplasms of the central nervous system in relation to mobile phone use among young people in Japan.
Grell K et al.
The Intracranial Distribution of Gliomas in Relation to Exposure From Mobile Phones: Analyses From the INTERPHONE Study.