Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Genotoxic Effects of Amplitude-Modulated Microwaves on Human Lymphocytes Exposed in Vitro under Controlled Conditions. med./bio.

Published in: Electro Magnetobiol 1995; 14 (3): 157-164

Aim of study (acc. to author)

In order to study the possible genotoxicity of microwaves, both continuous wave (CW) and 50 Hz amplitude-modulated (AM) radiation were used. Following microwave exposure of human blood samples, lymphocytes were analyzed by using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus technique.

Endpoint

Exposure

Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 9 GHz
Modulation type: CW
Exposure duration: 10 min
Exposure 2: 9 GHz
Modulation type: AM
Exposure duration: 10 min

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 9 GHz
Type
Exposure duration 10 min
Modulation
Modulation type CW
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Setup 22.6 mm x 12.6 mm waveguide as sample holder
Parameters
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
SAR 90 mW/g - calculated - -

Exposure 2

Main characteristics
Frequency 9 GHz
Type
Waveform
Exposure duration 10 min
Modulation
Modulation type AM
Modulation frequency 50 Hz
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Parameters
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
SAR 90 mW/g - calculated - -

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

A significant increase in micronuclei was found following AM microwave exposure.

Study character:

Study funded by

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