Study overviews

Experimental studies on magnetic power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

1803 studies in total
  1. 671 studies
  2. 541 studies
  3. 444 studies
  4. 350 studies
  5. 300 studies
  6. 186 studies

Health

671 studies in total
  1. 104 studies
  2. 88 studies
  3. 81 studies
  4. 79 studies
  5. 77 studies
  6. 74 studies
  7. 70 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 53 studies
  10. 43 studies
  11. 29 studies
  12. 21 studies
  13. 20 studies
  14. 19 studies
  15. 10 studies
  16. 7 studies
  17. 5 studies
  18. 3 studies
  19. one study

Effects on the immune system 59 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Parameters Magnetic flux density/field strength
Felaco M et al. 1999 intact cell/cell culture, peripheral blood mononuclear cells magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1.5 mT
Graham C et al. 2001 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 28.3 µT
Marino AA et al. 2001 animal, mouse/C57BL/6, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.1–0.5 mT
Marino AA et al. 2001 animal, mouse/C57BL/6, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 500 µT
Ottaviani E et al. 2002 invertebrate, mussel/<i>Mytilus galloprovincialis</i>, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 200–1,000 µT
Putinas J et al. 1990 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 500 µT
Jandova A et al. 2004 isolated antigens in T cell suspensions magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.5 mT
Canseven AG et al. 2006 animal, guinea pig, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 2 mT
Cicekcibasi AE et al. 2008 animal, mouse/Swiss albino, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1–5 µT
Salehi I et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 99 µT
Lai J et al. 2016 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Luo X et al. 2016 intact cell/cell culture, isolated splenic lymphocytes, animal, mouse/Kunming, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 250 µT–1 mT
Khoshroo MM et al. 2018 animal, carp fingerling (<i>Cyprinus carpio</i>), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.1–2 mT
Sobhanifard M et al. 2019 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1–2,000 µT
Mahaki H et al. 2020 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1–2,000 µT
Jandova A et al. 2005 isolated antigens in T cell suspensions magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, static magnetic field 0.05–0.1 mT
Korneva HA et al. 1999 animal, mouse/CBA, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 22 µT
Arafa HM et al. 2003 animal, mouse/Swiss albino, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 20 mT
Zhang H et al. 2016 animal, mouse/ICR magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 8 mT
Touitou Y et al. 2013 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, residential 0.64–2.6 µT
Zhang M et al. 2020 - magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, low frequency -
Bonhomme-Faivre L et al. 1998 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 200 nT–6.6 µT
Ichinose TY et al. 2004 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 0.04–0.25 µT
Di Giampaolo L et al. 2006 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 1.1–3.6 µT
Svedenstal BM et al. 1999 animal, mouse/CBA/Ca, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 8 µT