Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular telephone on epidermal Merkel cells. med./bio.

Published in: J Cutan Pathol 2003; 30 (2): 135-138

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To investigate whether electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from a cellular telephone (900 MHz) induces histological changes in rat Merkel cells.

Background/further details

Merkel cells are a special kind of sensory cells which could be found in the epidermis.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 900 MHz
Modulation type: pulsed
Exposure duration: continuous for 30 min

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 900 MHz
Exposure duration continuous for 30 min
Modulation type pulsed
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Setup The mobile phones were positioned in close contact with the rats at a distance preventing mechanical stimulation of the snouts.
Additional info The phones were either turned to the speech position (established contact) or to the standby position. The latter seems to be considered by the authors as sham exposure.
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
power 2 W peak value - - -
power density 0.02 mW/cm² mean unspecified - -

Reference articles

  • Irmak MK et al. (2002): Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular telephone on the oxidant and antioxidant levels in rabbits.

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

Examination by electron microscopy of epidermal tissue of the rat snout revealed a significantly higher exocytotic activity of Merkel cells in exposed animals.

Study character:

Study funded by

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