|Setup||rats placed in Plexiglas cages which were positioned halfway inside an anechoic chamber; chamber lined with radar-absorbing material with an attenuation of 40dB; horn antenna positioned in front of the cages|
|Sham exposure||A sham exposure was conducted.|
The data showed that the chronic exposure to these microwaves caused DNA double-strand breaks and a significant decrease in glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase enzyme activities in brain cells, whereas catalase enzyme activity significantly increased in the brain samples of the exposed group compared with controls. Additionally, protein kinase C level significantly decreased in whole brain and hippocampus.
The authors conclude that prolonged exposure to 50 GHz microwave exposure may decrease the level of protein kinase C, cause DNA double-strand breaks and changes in antioxidant enzyme activities in the neurological system of male rats due to free radicals formation. The possible site of action of such irradiation seems to be the hippocampus.