rats placed individually in 18 - 22 cm long, 5.7 cm high and 4 - 7 cm wide Plexiglas cages, fixed with anechoic material and ventilated with 1 cm diameter holes; mobile phone positioned on top of the cage; mobility of the rats in the cage limited to 1 - 2 cm; cell phones in stand-bymode (missed call); each missed call lasted 1 min, separated by 15 s intervals
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