mice were exposed in a well ventilated Perspex box (14 cm x 10 cm x 12 cm (length, width, height)); box was placed in the middle of the coils
a pair of Helmholtz coils was formed with 1.0 mm insulated wire (32 cm internal diameter, 36 cm external diameter, 3.5 cm width, 500 turns per coil); field was generated in a horizontal plane; coils were connected in parallel and fixed separately on the wall of a Perspex box that was filled with circulating water to cool the coils (maximum temperature with current was kept at 20 ± 2°C); magnetic field strength could be altered via voltage adjusting; magnetic field-generating device was placed in a temperature-controlled room (23 ± 2°C); there were no significantnoise or vibration that could affect the mice
Yin C et al.
Neuroprotective effects of lotus seedpod procyanidins on extremely low frequency electromagnetic field-induced neurotoxicity in primary cultured hippocampal neurons.
Zhang H et al.
Protective effect of procyanidins extracted from the lotus seedpod on immune function injury induced by extremely low frequency electromagnetic field.
Luo X et al.
Chemoprotective action of lotus seedpod procyanidins on oxidative stress in mice induced by extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field exposure.
Duan Y et al.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure causes cognitive impairment associated with alteration of the glutamate level, MAPK pathway activation and decreased CREB phosphorylation in mice hippocampus: reversal by procyanidins extracted from the lotus seedpod.
Duan Y et al.
The Preventive Effect of Lotus Seedpod Procyanidins on Cognitive Impairment and Oxidative Damage Induced by Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Field Exposure.
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Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields promote in vitro neurogenesis via upregulation of Ca(v)1-channel activity.
Manikonda PK et al.
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