Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1360 studies in total
  1. 548 studies
  2. 426 studies
  3. 419 studies
  4. 182 studies
  5. 153 studies
  6. 88 studies

DNA

426 studies in total
  1. 219 studies
  2. 160 studies
  3. 85 studies
  4. 37 studies

Gene/protein expression (in general) 85 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Tohidi FZ et al. 2021 animal, mouse/BALB/c - 900–1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, CDMA, mobile phone
Valbonesi P et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, PC-12 cells (pheochromocytoma cell line from rat adrenal gland) gene expression and protein expression of Hsp70 and mitogen-activated protein kinase 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 4, 16, and 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Valbonesi P et al. 2016 intact cell/cell culture, PC-12 cells/rat - 1.8 GHz 2 W/kg - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Whitehead TD et al. 2005 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) <i>c-Fos</i> mRNA expression 835.62 MHz 5.2–10 W/kg continuous for 4 days CDMA, FDMA, TDMA, mobile communications
Whitehead TD et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) gene expression 835.62 MHz 5 W/kg continuous for 24 h CDMA, FDMA, mobile communications
Whitehead TD et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) gene expression 835.62 MHz 5 W/kg continuous for 24 h digital mobile phone, CDMA, FDMA, mobile communications
Woelders H et al. 2017 animal, chicken/Leghorn (eggs), whole body embryonic development 1.8 GHz 0.38–0.45 mW/kg 22 days mobile communications, GSM, UMTS, TDMA, FDMA, RF field, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi
Yan JG et al. 2008 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body mRNA synthesis of several injury-associated proteins 1.9 GHz 0.9–1.8 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 2 x 3 h/day, for 18 weeks analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, PCS, CDMA, mobile communications, microwaves
Yan JG et al. 2009 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body mRNA synthesis (gene expression) of several injury-associated proteins 800 MHz 0.9–1.8 W/kg 2 times 3 hr / day (with 30 min rest period between exposures), on 7 days/week for 18 weeks mobile communications, mobile phone, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, CDMA
Zeng Q et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line) protein and gene expression 1,800 MHz 2–3.5 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 24 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications