This study was performed to investigate the micronucleus frequency in human amniotic fluid cells following exposure to horizontally applied electromagnetic field in the presence or absence of asbestos fibers to perceive possible co-carcinogenic interactions beween electromagnetic fields and asbestos fibers.
The experiments were repeated six times. Cells were treated with crocidolite asbestos fibers at a concentration of 1 µg/cm2. Following treatment groups were performed: 1.) magnetic field exposure for 24 hours and then co-exposure (magnetic field plus asbestos) for 48 hours, 2.) magnetic field exposure for 48 and then co-exposure for 24 hours, 3.) co-exposure for 72 hours, and 4.) asbestos exposure for 24 hours and then co-exposure for 48 hours. Additionally, exposure to magnetic field or asbestos alone for 24, 48, and 72 hours was conducted.
Exposure duration: continuous for 24 h, 48 h or 72 h
cells were treated in the following groups: i) no exposure ii) only EMF exposure iii) only exposure to crocidolite asbestos fibres iv) 24 h EMF exposure + 48 h exposure to crocidolite asbestos fibres and EMF v) 48 h EMF exposure + 24 h exposure to crocidolite asbestos fibres and EMF vi) 72 h exposure to crocidolite asbestos fibres and EMF vii) 24 h exposure to crocidolite asbestos fibres + 48 h exposure to crocidolite asbestos fibres and EMF
|Exposure duration||continuous for 24 h, 48 h or 72 h|
|magnetic flux density||1 mT||-||measured||-||+/- 0.01 mT|
No statistically significant differences in growth curves were found between electromagnetic field and unexposed cells, but after asbestos exposure the cell number decreased continuously until no more living cells were observed after six days.
Electromagnetic field exposure or asbestos exposure alone increased micronucleus induction, reaching a maximum after 48 hours exposure period. The co-exposure did not alter the micronucleus induction.
The data indicate, that exposure to horizontally applied magnetic field and treatment with asbestos fibers possess genotoxic capability, but no synergistic effects.