Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Effects of low level electromagnetic field exposure at 2.45 GHz on rat cornea med./bio.

Published in: Int J Radiat Biol 2013; 89 (4): 243-249

Aim of study (acc. to author)

The effects of exposure of rats to a 2.45 GHz electromagnetic field on the cornea should be investigated.

Background/further details

Rats were divided into 2 groups (n=11 each): an exposure group and a control group.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 2.45 GHz
Modulation type: pulsed
Exposure duration: continuous for 2 h/day on 21 days

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 2.45 GHz
Exposure duration continuous for 2 h/day on 21 days
Modulation type pulsed
Repetition frequency 217 Hz
Exposure setup
Exposure source
  • monopole
Distance between exposed object and exposure source 6 cm
Chamber plexiglass pie cage restrainer with 2 cm air holes on the top
Setup rats kept in the restrainer with the 15 cm high antenna placed centrally
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
SAR 0.25 W/kg - calculated whole body -
electric field strength 11.96 V/m average over time measured and calculated - ± 0.89 V/m

Reference articles

  • Avci B et al. (2012): Oxidative stress induced by 1.8 GHz radio frequency electromagnetic radiation and effects of garlic extract in rats
  • Esmekaya MA et al. (2010): Pulse modulated 900 MHz radiation induces hypothyroidism and apoptosis in thyroid cells: A light, electron microscopy and immunohistochemical study
  • Dasdag S et al. (2008): Mobile phone exposure does not induce apoptosis on spermatogenesis in rats
  • Ferreira AR et al. (2006): Oxidative stress effects on the central nervous system of rats after acute exposure to ultra high frequency electromagnetic fields

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

In the microscopical measurement, the anterior epithelium of the cornea of exposed animals was significantly thicker compared to the control group, whereas the cornea itself did not show significant differences in thickness. The stereological investigation did not show any significant differences.
The authors conclude that exposure of rats to a 2.45 GHz electromagnetic field could cause alterations in the cornea.

Study character:

Study funded by

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