Study overviews

Experimental studies on magnetic power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

1788 studies in total
  1. 667 studies
  2. 533 studies
  3. 437 studies
  4. 347 studies
  5. 296 studies
  6. 185 studies

Health

667 studies in total
  1. 104 studies
  2. 86 studies
  3. 81 studies
  4. 79 studies
  5. 76 studies
  6. 74 studies
  7. 69 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 52 studies
  10. 43 studies
  11. 28 studies
  12. 21 studies
  13. 20 studies
  14. 19 studies
  15. 10 studies
  16. 7 studies
  17. 5 studies
  18. 3 studies
  19. one study

Endocrine changes (melatonin) 74 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Parameters Magnetic flux density/field strength
Seifpanahi-Shabani H et al. 2016 animal, rat/Wistar magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Kolbabova T et al. 2015 animal, cow (calve)/Holstein and Czech Red Pied cattle, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.39–0.41 µT
Dyche J et al. 2012 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 0.1 µT–0.1 mT
Bellieni CV et al. 2012 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, therapeutic/medical device 0.45–8.84 µT
Dell'Omo G et al. 2009 animal, kestrel/Eurasian (<i>Falco tinnunculus</i>), whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 1.37–25.16 µT
Clark ML et al. 2007 human, whole body Radio/TV transmitter, magnetic field, intermediate frequency, 50/60 Hz, residential 20–130 nT
Burchard JF et al. 2007 animal, cow/Holstein, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 30 µT
Davis S et al. 2006 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.5–1 µT
Kumlin T et al. 2005 animal, mouse/CD<sub>2</sub>F<sub>1</sub>(BALB/c x DBA/2), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Cocco P et al. 2005 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, other domestic appliance, low frequency, residential 0.0045–0.148 µT
Rodriguez M et al. 2004 animal, cow/Holstein, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 30 µT
Ichinose TY et al. 2004 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 0.04–0.25 µT
Warman GR et al. 2003 human, partial body: upper body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 200–300 µT
Lewy H et al. 2003 isolated organ, pineal glands of rats/Wistar magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 1 mT
Touitou Y et al. 2003 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, residential 0.004–2.6 µT
Tripp HM et al. 2003 isolated organ, pineal gland magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 500 µT
Kurokawa Y et al. 2003 human, whole body magnetic field, intermediate frequency, 50/60 Hz 20–100 µT
Noonan CW et al. 2002 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational 0.06–0.3 µT
Youngstedt SD et al. 2002 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, other domestic appliance, inhouse wiring, residential, co-exposure 100 nT–6.31 µT
Bakos J et al. 2002 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 50–100 µT
Fedrowitz M et al. 2002 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, source not given 100 µT
Bastide M et al. 2001 animal, chicken embryos (eggs) and chicks, mouse/C57BL/6 j RJ, whole body mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, shielding/field deprivation 0.03 µT–660 nT
Levallois P et al. 2001 human, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential 0.13–0.33 µT
Graham C et al. 2001 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 28.3 µT
Davis S et al. 2001 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential, co-exposure, also other exposures without EMF 0.1 µT
Crasson M et al. 2001 human, partial body: head magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Graham C et al. 2001 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 127.3 µT
Graham C et al. 2001 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 28.3 µT
de Bruyn L et al. 2001 animal, mouse/AKR and BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 500 nT–77 µT
Blackman CF et al. 2001 intact cell/cell culture, MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1.2 µT
Hong SC et al. 2001 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket 700 nT–8.3 µT
Brendel H et al. 2000 animal, Djungarian hamster (<i>Phodopus sungorus</i>), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, 16 2/3 Hz (train) 86 µT
Burch JB et al. 2000 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational 0.36–1.05 µT
Graham C et al. 2000 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 28.3 µT
Bakos J et al. 1999 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1–100 µT
Selmaoui B et al. 1999 animal, rat/Wistar magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Wilson BW et al. 1999 animal, hamster (<i>Phodopus sungorus</i>), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 100–500 µT
Burch JB et al. 1999 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 0.078–0.135 µT
Fernie KJ et al. 1999 animal, American kestrel (<i>Falco sparverius</i>), whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 30 µT
Akerstedt T et al. 1999 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1 µT
Burch JB et al. 1999 human, whole body magnetic field, geomagnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, co-exposure 21.7 nT
Burchard JF et al. 1998 animal, cow/Holstein, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 30 µT
Loscher W et al. 1998 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 100 µT
Wood AW et al. 1998 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 20 µT
John TM et al. 1998 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 1 mT
Rosen LA et al. 1998 intact cell/cell culture, rat pinealcytes magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, shielding/field deprivation 70 nT–50 µT
Burch JB et al. 1998 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 200 nT
Youbicier-Simo BJ et al. 1997 animal, chicken embryos (eggs) and chickens after hatching, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, intermediate frequency, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor 2–660 nT
Niehaus M et al. 1997 animal, Djungarian hamster (<i>Phodopus sungorus</i>), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 360–450 µT
Truong H et al. 1997 animal, Djungarian hamster (<i>Phodopus sungorus</i>), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 10–100 µT