Medizinische/biologische Studie (experimentelle Studie)

No influence on selected parameters of human visual perception of 1970 MHz UMTS-like exposure.

[Kein Einfluss auf ausgewählte Kenngrößen der menschlichen Seh-Wahrnehmung durch UMTS-ähnliche 1970 MHz-Befeldung].

Veröffentlicht in: Bioelectromagnetics 2005; 26 (4): 243-250

Ziel der Studie (lt. Autor)

Es sollten mögliche Wirkungen einer Exposition bei einem gewöhnlichen 1.97 GHz UMTS-ähnlichen Signal auf die menschliche visuelle Wahrnehmung untersucht werden.


Exposition/Befeldung (teilweise nur auf Englisch)

Exposition Parameter
Exposition 1: 1,97 GHz
Expositionsdauer: siehe add. information
Exposition 1
Frequenz 1,97 GHz
Expositionsdauer siehe add. information
Modulationsart s. Zusatzinfo
Zusatzinfo Generic UMTS test signal developed for use in bio-electromagnetic experiments (see reference article) and representing a wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA) signal at a carrier frequency close to the uplink frequency band of UMTS in frequency division duplex (FDD) mode. Due to simulated fading and power control, the signal envelope contained low frequency components of 8-12 and 1,500 Hz.
Kammer laterally shielded exposure cabin with the inner surface covered by pyramidal RF absorbing material
Aufbau Test subjects wore a special head set consisting of a modified stereo head phone (all metallic parts removed) with small matched helical antennas mounted in a way to achieve an exposure distribution in the head similar to the case of mobile phone usage. Subjects were exposed only at the left side of the head, but they were not informed about this fact.
Zusatzinfo Each subject was tested on a single week day between 3:30 and 7:00 p.m. and underwent four tests used for assessing visual perception under three different exposure conditions (high exposure, low exposure, and sham exposure) that were controlled randomly and double-blinded by control software. Additionally, all tests except the Critical Flicker and Fusion Frequency Test were presented to the subjects under a positive control condition (flicker light applied from the back) at the end of the subject's session.
Messgröße Wert Typ Methode Masse Bemerkungen
SAR 0,63 W/kg Mittelwert berechnet und gemessen 1 g 0,25-1,49 W/kg
SAR 0,37 W/kg Mittelwert berechnet und gemessen 10 g 0,16-0,84 W/kg
Zusätzliche Parameterdetails
SAR values indicated resulted in the cortex of the left temporal lobe of the brain in the high exposure condition. Low exposure condition was defined to be one tenth of high exposure, and sham was at least 50 dB below low exposure. Background ambient field strength measured in the frequency range from DC up to 18 GHz was found to be negligible.
Mess- und Berechnungsdetails
A detailed dosimetric analysis of the exposure system was based on the power recordings (forward as well as reverse power measurements) obtained during the experiments and extensive numerical simulations using the SEMCAD simulation platform and the anatomical European male head model at a spatial resolution of 1.5-3 mm. The validity of the numerical model of the small helical antennas used was verified prior to the dosimetric analysis by comparisons of experimental and numerical results, showing deviations of less than ±5%. Furthermore, the SAR inside the homogeneous specific anthropomorphic mannequin (SAM) phantom measured using an automated SAR test facility (DASY 3) agreed within ±10% with corresponding SEMCAD calculations. The minimum and maximum values of SAR to be expected in the test subjects' temporal cortex were obtained by an uncertainty analysis, the main contribution (~85%) being due to the variations of the antenna's position with respect to the head, caused by different head sizes and shapes.
Exponiertes System:

Methoden Endpunkt/Messparameter/Methodik

Untersuchtes Material:
Untersuchtes Organsystem:
  • während der Befeldung

Hauptergebnis der Studie (lt. Autor)

Die statistische Auswertung der erzielten Daten deckte keine statistisch signifikanten Unterschiede bei den untersuchten Parametern der visuellen Wahrnehmung zwischen den Expositions-Bedingungen und der Schein-Exposition auf.

Studie gefördert durch

  • Forschungsgemeinschaft Funk e.V. (FGF) (Research Association for Radio Applications), Germany

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