A Y-maze was used that is based on the innate tendency of rodents to explore novel environments: During the first trial, the mouse was allowed to explore only two arms of the maze (third arm blocked by a door). During the second trial, the door is opened and all three arms are accessible. Discrimination of novelty versus familiarity can be studied by comparing an animal's exploration of all three arms.
Karimi SA et al.
Effects of exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on spatial and passive avoidance learning and memory, anxiety-like behavior and oxidative stress in male rats
Gao QH et al.
Beneficial effect of catechin and epicatechin on cognitive impairment and oxidative stress induced by extremely low frequency electromagnetic field
Zhang Y et al.
Theta-gamma coupling in hippocampus during working memory deficits induced by low frequency electromagnetic field exposure
Rostami A et al.
Effects of 3 Hz and 60 Hz Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on Anxiety-Like Behaviors, Memory Retention of Passive Avoidance and Electrophysiological Properties of Male Rats
Lai J et al.
Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (100 µT) on behaviors in rats
Zhao QR et al.
Neuritin reverses deficits in murine novel object associative recognition memory caused by exposure to extremely low-frequency (50 Hz) electromagnetic fields
Leone L et al.
Epigenetic modulation of adult hippocampal neurogenesis by extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields
Podda MV et al.
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields enhance the survival of newborn neurons in the mouse hippocampus
Duan Y et al.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure causes cognitive impairment associated with alteration of the glutamate level, MAPK pathway activation and decreased CREB phosphorylation in mice hippocampus: reversal by procyanidins extracted from the lotus seedpod