Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

The effect of different strengths of extremely low-frequency electric fields on antioxidant status, lipid peroxidation, and visual evoked potentials. med./bio.

Published in: Electromagn Biol Med 2012; 31 (4): 436-448

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To examine the effects of extremely low frequency electric fields on visual evoked potentials and oxidative stress in the retina and brain of rats.

Background/further details

Three groups were examined: 1) control group, 2.) exposure to an electric field of 12 kV/m and 3.) exposure to an electric field of 18 kV/m. After two weeks of exposure, visual evoked potentials were recorded under anesthesia. The day after, rats were sacrificed and brain samples were taken for analysis of the oxidative stress.

Endpoint

Exposure

Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 50 Hz
Exposure duration: continuous for 1 h/day for two weeks
Exposure 2: 50 Hz
Exposure duration: continuous for 1 h/day for two weeks

General information

Rats were exposed in three groups: i) 12 kV/m ii) 18 kV/m iii) control group

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 50 Hz
Type
Exposure duration continuous for 1 h/day for two weeks
Exposure setup
Exposure source
  • parallel plate capacitor
Chamber rats were allowed to move freely in a plastic cage, placed between the plates
Setup parallel copper plates (50 x 80 cm) were plated with zinc (2 mm thickness) and positioned parallel to each other, placed upright on wooden stands; cables were connected to the center of the plates on their outer surfaces to preserve homogeneity of the electric field
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Additional info the plates were spaced at 50 cm in distance for 12 kV /m electric field
Parameters
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
electric field strength 12 kV/m - measured - 11.700 kV/m - 11.890 kV/m

Exposure 2

Main characteristics
Frequency 50 Hz
Type
Exposure duration continuous for 1 h/day for two weeks
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Additional info the plates were spaced at 33.3 cm in distance for 18 kV /m electric field
Parameters
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
electric field strength 18 kV/m - measured - 17.568 kV/m - 17.853 kV/m

Reference articles

  • Aydin MA et al. (2006): The influence of continuous exposure to 50 Hz electric field on nerve regeneration in a rat peroneal nerve crush injury model.

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

The lipid peroxidation, the total oxidant status and the oxidative stress index were significantly increased in the brain and retina of exposed rats when compared to the control group while the total antioxidant status was significantly decreased. Regarding lipid peroxidation a dose related effect was observed: The values of the 18 kV/m-exposed group were significantly higher than those of the 12 kV/m-exposed group.
The latencies of the visual evoked potentials were significantly elongated in the exposed groups compared to the control group. Additionally, the latencies were significantly longer in the 18 kV/m exposed group than in the 12 kV/m exposed group.
The authors suggest, that exposure to extremely low frequency electric fields could change visual evoked potentials in rats and that these changes could be explained by increased oxidative stress levels.

Study character:

Study funded by

Related articles