Study overviews

Experimental studies on magnetic power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

1788 studies in total
  1. 667 studies
  2. 533 studies
  3. 437 studies
  4. 347 studies
  5. 296 studies
  6. 185 studies

Health

667 studies in total
  1. 104 studies
  2. 86 studies
  3. 81 studies
  4. 79 studies
  5. 76 studies
  6. 74 studies
  7. 69 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 52 studies
  10. 43 studies
  11. 28 studies
  12. 21 studies
  13. 20 studies
  14. 19 studies
  15. 10 studies
  16. 7 studies
  17. 5 studies
  18. 3 studies
  19. one study

Effects on the immune system 59 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Parameters Magnetic flux density/field strength
Zhang M et al. 2020 - magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, low frequency -
Mahaki H et al. 2020 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1–2,000 µT
Hosseinabadi MB et al. 2019 human, whole body low frequency, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 3.5–172.6 µT
Molaei S et al. 2019 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 1–2,000 µT
Mahaki H et al. 2019 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 1–2,000 µT
Sobhanifard M et al. 2019 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1–2,000 µT
Wyszkowska J et al. 2018 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 7 mT
Mahdavinejad L et al. 2018 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 1–2,000 µT
Li H et al. 2018 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 0.1–2.5 mT
Khoshroo MM et al. 2018 animal, carp fingerling (<i>Cyprinus carpio</i>), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.1–2 mT
Zhang D et al. 2017 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, low frequency, electric field, occupational 20 µT
Zhang H et al. 2016 animal, mouse/ICR magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 8 mT
Luo X et al. 2016 intact cell/cell culture, isolated splenic lymphocytes, animal, mouse/Kunming, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 250 µT–1 mT
Lai J et al. 2016 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Li BL et al. 2015 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, signals/pulses, 50/60 Hz 5–20 mT
Salehi I et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 99 µT
Touitou Y et al. 2013 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, residential 0.64–2.6 µT
Selmaoui B et al. 2011 human, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 10 µT
Contalbrigo L et al. 2009 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body GSM, mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100–1,000 µT
Cakir DU et al. 2009 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 0.97 mT
Dell'Omo G et al. 2009 animal, kestrel/Eurasian (<i>Falco tinnunculus</i>), whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 1.37–25.16 µT
Cicekcibasi AE et al. 2008 animal, mouse/Swiss albino, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1–5 µT
Di Giampaolo L et al. 2006 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 1.1–3.6 µT
Canseven AG et al. 2006 animal, guinea pig, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 2 mT
Jandova A et al. 2005 isolated antigens in T cell suspensions magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, static magnetic field 0.05–0.1 mT
Jandova A et al. 2004 isolated antigens in T cell suspensions magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.5 mT
Quaglino D et al. 2004 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 5–100 µT
Ushiyama A et al. 2004 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 300 µT–3 mT
Ichinose TY et al. 2004 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational 0.04–0.25 µT
Bonhomme-Faivre L et al. 2003 human, animal, mouse/Swiss, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 200–6,600 nT
Arafa HM et al. 2003 animal, mouse/Swiss albino, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 20 mT
Dasdag S et al. 2002 human, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational 100–250 µT
Ottaviani E et al. 2002 invertebrate, mussel/<i>Mytilus galloprovincialis</i>, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 200–1,000 µT
Dasdag S et al. 2001 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body microwaves, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 750 µT
Marino AA et al. 2001 animal, mouse/C57BL/6, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 500 µT
Marino AA et al. 2001 animal, mouse/C57BL/6, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.1–0.5 mT
Fernie KJ et al. 2001 animal, American kestrel (<i>Falco sparverius</i>), whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 30 µT
Graham C et al. 2001 human, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 28.3 µT
Boscolo P et al. 2001 human, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 200 nT–3.6 µT
Hefeneider SH et al. 2001 animal, sheep/Suffolk, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 1.07–3.5 µT
Tuschl H et al. 2000 human, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, induction cooker, MRI, occupational 10 nT–3 T
Marino AA et al. 2000 animal, mouse/C57BL/6, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
House RV et al. 2000 animal, mouse/B6C3F1, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 2 µT–1 mT
Felaco M et al. 1999 intact cell/cell culture, peripheral blood mononuclear cells magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1.5 mT
Thun-Battersby S et al. 1999 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Svedenstal BM et al. 1999 animal, mouse/CBA/Ca, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 8 µT
Häußler M et al. 1999 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Korneva HA et al. 1999 animal, mouse/CBA, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 22 µT
Mevissen M et al. 1998 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Bonhomme-Faivre L et al. 1998 animal, mouse/Swiss, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 3.2–6.8 µT