研究のタイプ: 医学/生物学の研究 (experimental study)

[頬骨欠損ラットモデルの多血小板血漿および骨髄間質幹細胞に対するパルス電磁界刺激効果の比較] med./bio.

Comparison of Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation on Platelet-Rich Plasma and Bone Marrow Stromal Stem Cell Using Rat Zygomatic Bone Defect Model.

掲載誌: Ann Plast Surg 2015; 75 (5): 565-571

この研究は、頬骨を欠損(4mm)させ、その部位を浅側頭筋膜で覆ったラットモデルを用いて、その骨治癒過程での骨密度を指標に、骨再生にポジティブな影響をもつと考えられている多血小板血漿(PRP)および骨髄間質幹細胞に対するパルス電磁界刺激の効果を調べた。頬骨欠損ラットモデルの作成手術後に、PRPまたは骨髄間質幹細胞パルス電磁界刺激の有無による4通りの組合せ処置を患部に与えた。その結果、他の組合せに比べ、PRPとパルス電磁界の組合せが骨再生に有効であった、と報告している。

The detailed summary of this article is not available in your language or incomplete. Would you like to see a complete translation of the summary? Then please contact us →

研究目的(著者による)

The effects of exposure of rats with an experimental zygomatic bone fracture to a pulsed 50 Hz magnetic field in combination with other therapeutical treatments on bone healing should be investigated.

詳細情報

Isogeneic (inbred) rats were divided into 9 groups (n=15 rats each): 1) exposure to the sinusoidal magnetic field, 2) exposure to the pulsed magnetic field, 3) treatment with platelet-rich plasma, 4) treatment with bone marrow stromal stem cells, 5) co-exposure to the sinusoidal and pulsed magnetic field, 6) exposure to the pulsed magnetic field and treatment with platelet-rich plasma, 7) exposure to the pulsed magnetic field and treatment with bone marrow stromal stem cells, 8) sham group (no exposure or treatment, only bone fracture) and 9) control group (no exposure, no treatment, no bone fracture).
Except for the control groups, rats in all groups underwent a surgery to induce an experimental non-union fracture of the zygomatic bone. Treatments with platelet-rich plasma or bone marrow stromal stem cells took place directly after creation of the fracture during the same surgery. Exposure to the magnetic fields started on the 7. day after the surgery/treatments.

影響評価項目

ばく露

ばく露 パラメータ
ばく露1: 50 Hz
ばく露時間: continuous for 8 hours/day for 1 month
ばく露2: 50 Hz
Modulation type: pulsed
ばく露時間: continuous for 8 hours/day for 1 month

General information

remark EMF-Portal: as the same exposure device was used for the purpose of obtaining a magnetic field with pulse via intermittent flow of power supply and to obtain a sinusoidal field via constant power flow, it is not evident how a co-exposure to both fields (group 5) was realized

ばく露1

主たる特性
周波数 50 Hz
タイプ
  • magnetic field
波形
  • sinusoidal
ばく露時間 continuous for 8 hours/day for 1 month
ばく露装置
ばく露の発生源/構造
チャンバの詳細 plexiglass and methacrylate cage (43 x 42 x 15 cm3)
ばく露装置の詳細 Helmholtz coils (70 cm diameter) were placed into a Plexiglas Faraday cage (130 x 65 x 80 cm3); the distance between the 2 coils was adjusted to 47 cm (remark EMF-Portal: Helmholtz configuration?); the magnetic field was created with copper wires, which had 125 loops of 1.5 mm diameter; not clear, where the animal cages were placed
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
パラメータ
測定量 種別 Method Mass 備考
磁束密度 1.5 mT - - - -

ばく露2

主たる特性
周波数 50 Hz
タイプ
  • magnetic field
波形
  • pulsed
ばく露時間 continuous for 8 hours/day for 1 month
Modulation
Modulation type pulsed
Pulse width 25 µs
ばく露装置
ばく露の発生源/構造
  • E1と同じ装置
ばく露装置の詳細 intermittent flow of power supply was used for the purpose of obtaining magnetic field with pulse
パラメータ
測定量 種別 Method Mass 備考
磁束密度 1.5 mT - - - -

Reference articles

ばく露を受けた生物:

方法 影響評価項目/測定パラメータ/方法

研究対象とした生物試料:
研究対象とした臓器系:
調査の時期:
  • ばく露前
  • ばく露後

研究の主なアウトカム(著者による)

After 6 months, the bone density showed significant differences between the groups. The highest mean bone density was found in the control group (group 9). Group 6 (pulsed magnetic field and platelet-rich plasma) showed the second highest value followed by group 7 (pulsed magnetic field and bone marrow stromal stem cells).
Regarding the marker levels, significant differences between the groups were found as well. The highest values of hydroxyproline in urine and in bone tissue, alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin in the blood were found in group 6.
Histopathological comparison of the groups did not point out any differences regarding inflammation. The highest increase in terms of blood vessel formation was observed in group 6, whereas the lowest increase was seen in group 7. The values closest to the control groups in terms of collagen fibrils and osteocyte ratio were found in groups 6 and 7.
The authors conclude that exposure of rats with an experimental zygomatic bone fracture to a pulsed 50 Hz magnetic field in combination with a treatment with platelet-rich plasma might be beneficial for bone healing and useful for clinical applications.

研究の種別:

研究助成

関連論文