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Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Effect Of Microwave Radiation On The Retina Of Mice Embryos.

Published in: JBLS 2013; 4 (2): 215-231

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To examine the effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones on the retina of mice embryos.
Background/further details: The pregnant mice were divided into three groups (n=10 per group): 1.) control group, 2.) exposure to a frequency of 950 MHz and 3.) exposure to a frequency of 1800 MHz. The dams were killed at day 18 of gestation.

Endpoint

Exposure

Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 950 MHz
Exposure duration: 2 h/day for 8 consecutive days from day 7 to 14 of gestation
Exposure 2: 1,800 MHz
Exposure duration: 2 h/day for 8 consecutive days from day 7 to 14 of gestation
  • SAR: 1.6 W/kg
Exposure 1
Main characteristics
Frequency 950 MHz
Type
Exposure duration 2 h/day for 8 consecutive days from day 7 to 14 of gestation
Exposure setup
Exposure source
  • not specified
Parameters
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
SAR 1 W/kg - - - -
Exposure 2
Main characteristics
Frequency 1,800 MHz
Type
Exposure duration 2 h/day for 8 consecutive days from day 7 to 14 of gestation
Exposure setup
Exposure source
  • not specified
Parameters
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
SAR 1.6 W/kg - - - -
Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated material:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

In none of the groups, malformations of embryos were found. In exposed embryos, the mean body length and body weight were significantly decreased when compared to the control group, while the mortality rate and the resorption sites were significantly increased.
Regarding the light microscopic examination of the retina, in the exposed groups, pyknotic nuclei were found in some cells of the retinal tissue, but not in the control group. Additionally, in the third group (1800 MHz), cells of the retinal tissue lost their normal arrangement and became aggregated in the inner and outer layer of the retina.
Via electron microscopy, deformation of the mitochondria was observed in both exposed groups. In the second group (950 MHz), degenerated cell organelles were observed in ganglion cells, while aggregations of melanin, vacuolation of the cytoplasm and condensed heterochromatin were observed in the third group (1800 MHz).
The data indicate a possible deleterious effect of prenatal exposure to electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones on the retina and on the growth of mice embryos.
Study character:

Study funded by

  • not stated/no funding

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