研究のタイプ: 医学/生物学の研究 (experimental study)

[UMTS電磁界のin vitroでの血液脳関門への影響] med./bio.

Effects of Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) electromagnetic fields on the blood-brain barrier in vitro.

掲載誌: Radiat Res 2005; 164 (3): 258-269

この研究は、血液脳関門BBB)のインビトロモデルとして機能するブタ脳の微小血管内皮細胞培養(PBEC)のバリア緊密性、輸送プロセス、および形態に、汎用UMTSのRF電磁界が影響を与えるか否かを調べた。オンライン監視システムを組み込んだばく露装置を開発し、ばく露と経内皮電気抵抗(TEER)測定を同時に行えるようにした。TEERはBBBの緊密性を決定づける。PBECに、平均電界強度3.4〜34 V / mでのばく露を最長84時間連続して与えた。このばく露レベルは、最大1.8 W / kgのSARとなるため、非熱的条件は確保された。結果として、RF電磁界によるBBBの機能障害の証拠は1つも見つからなかった;ばく露後およびばく露中の14C-スクロースおよび血清アルブミンの透過ならびにTEERを用いて、BBB緊密性を定量化したが、擬似ばく露群と比較して違いはなかった; BBBでのトランスポーター基質の透過、ならびにタイトジャンクションタンパク質のオクルディンとZO1の局在化と完全性も影響を受けなかった、と報告している。

The detailed summary of this article is not available in your language or incomplete. Would you like to see a complete translation of the summary? Then please contact us →

研究目的(著者による)

Investigation on the influence of a generic UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System) signal on barrier tightness, transport processes and the morphology of porcine brain microvascular endothelial cell cultures serving as an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier.

詳細情報

Response of the cells to thermal stress was also investigated (with elevated temperatures of 37.3 - 39°C).

影響評価項目

ばく露

ばく露 パラメータ
ばく露1: 1.966 GHz
ばく露時間: continuous for 1 up to 3.5 days

ばく露1

主たる特性
周波数 1.966 GHz
タイプ
  • electromagnetic field
特性
  • guided field
ばく露時間 continuous for 1 up to 3.5 days
ばく露装置
ばく露の発生源/構造
チャンバの詳細 Two radial waveguides each containing up to 28 samples were placed into an incubator and were used in turns as the exposure device or sham-exposure device. The samples in each waveguide were arranged symmetrically near the rim. The reflections were reduced by a 5-mm flat absorber along the waveguide perimeter.
ばく露装置の詳細 The filters carrying the cell cultures were installed in cylindrical tubes between two discoid gold electrodes. Each sample holder was equipped with a two-electrode system for impedance monitoring. The leads of the electrodes were conducted upward through the metal caps that sealed the cartridges. Thus simultaneous RF-field exposure and LF impedance measurement was possible.
Additional information The barrier tightness was monitored continuously by TEER measurement using impedance spectroscopy described in detail by Wegener et al. in Brain Res. 853, 115-124 (2000). Impedance analysis was carried out in the frequency range from 1 Hz to 500 kHz applying a sinusoidal voltage of ~30 mV amplitude.
パラメータ
測定量 種別 Method Mass 備考
電界強度 34 V/m mean 測定値および計算値 - ± 40% SD
SAR 1.64 W/kg average over mass 計算値 cf. remarks vessel with 3.5 ml solution
電界強度 10.8 V/m mean 測定値および計算値 - -
電界強度 3.4 V/m mean 測定値および計算値 - -

Reference articles

方法 影響評価項目/測定パラメータ/方法

研究対象とした生物試料:
調査の時期:
  • ばく露中
  • ばく露後

研究の主なアウトカム(著者による)

No evidence of radiofrequency-field-induced disturbance of the function of the blood-brain barrier was found. After and during exposure, the tightness of the blood-brain barrier quantified by 14C-sucrose permeation as well as by trans-endothelial electrical resistance remained unchanged compared to sham-exposed cultures. Permeation of transporter substrates at the blood-brain barrier as well as the localization and integrity of the tight junction proteins occludin and ZO1 were not affected either.

研究の種別:

研究助成

関連論文