研究のタイプ: 医学/生物学の研究 (experimental study)

[磁界の急性影響に対するマイマイガの幼虫の背内側A1’および背外側L2’神経分泌ニューロンへの応答] med./bio.

The response of dorsomedial A1' and dorsolateral L2' neurosecretory neurons of Lymantria dispar L. caterpillars to the acute effects of magnetic fields.

掲載誌: Arch Biol Sci 2011; 63 (1): 167-176

この研究は、強い静磁界SMF、235mT)および超低周波磁界(ELF MF、2mT)にばく露した後のマイマイガの幼虫における前大脳の背内側A1’および背外側L2’神経分泌ニューロン形態学的変化を分析した。その結果、SMF急性ばく露後に、A1’ニューロンとその核の大きさが増大したが、ELF MFばく露の場合には減少した;L2’ニューロンとその核の大きさは、SMFEMF MFのばく露後にともに減少した、と報告している。

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研究目的(著者による)

The effects of an acute exposure of Lymantria dispar caterpillars to a static or 50 Hz magnetic field on the morphology of neurosecretory cells and amount of a neurohormone in the insect brain should be investigated.

詳細情報

A1' and L2' neurosecretory cells were investigated. Type A1' is involved in the regulation of digestive processes, whereas type L2' synthesizes the large form of the prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH), which regulates growth and metamorphosis.
90 caterpillars were randomly divided into the following groups (n=30 each): 1) exposure to the static magnetic field, 2) exposure to the 50 Hz magnetic field, 3) control group. 15 individuals of each group were used for histological analysis and the same amount was used for protein quantification.

影響評価項目

ばく露

ばく露 パラメータ
ばく露1:
  • DC/static
ばく露2: 50 Hz

General information

The control group was kept 5 m away from the magnets in petri dishes (V = 80 ml) exposed only to the natural magnetic field

ばく露1

主たる特性
周波数
  • DC/static
タイプ
  • magnetic field
ばく露装置
ばく露の発生源/構造
  • permanent double U-shaped magnet
チャンバの詳細 plastic containers (V = 80 ml)
ばく露装置の詳細 caterpillars were placed between the poles of the permanent magnet (dimension was 26 cm2); the upper half of the magnet had 2 North (N) poles at the terminal ends and a centrally positioned South (S) pole, the lower half of the magnet had the reverse pole configuration; S poles were facing N poles and between them a relatively homogenous magnetic field was created
パラメータ
測定量 種別 Method Mass 備考
磁束密度 235 mT maximum 推定値 - at the poles

ばく露2

主たる特性
周波数 50 Hz
タイプ
  • magnetic field
ばく露装置
ばく露の発生源/構造
チャンバの詳細 plastic vials (V = 80 ml)
ばく露装置の詳細 caterpillars were placed in magnetic field from three pairs of coils placed around a regular laminated transformer core; dimensions of the poles were 44.6 cm2 and the space between them was 3.2 cm; input current was 1 A; force lines of the magnetic field were parallel to the vertical component of the geomagnetic field
パラメータ
測定量 種別 Method Mass 備考
磁束密度 2 mT mean 測定値 - -

Reference articles

ばく露を受けた生物:

方法 影響評価項目/測定パラメータ/方法

研究対象とした生物試料:
研究対象とした臓器系:
調査の時期:
  • ばく露後

研究の主なアウトカム(著者による)

The size of the cell nuclei in A1' neurons was significantly increased in samples from animals exposed to the static magnetic field (group 1) compared to the control group. Moreover, A1' neurons of group 1 had clearly visible axons and showed fine-grained neurosecretory materials in their cytoplasm indicating secretory activity.
The size of the cell bodies of L2' neurons was significantly decreased in samples from animals exposed to the 50 Hz magnetic field (group 2) compared to the control group. L2' neurons of group 2 showed agglomerations of neurosecretory material in their cytoplasm indicating its retention and reduced secretory activity.
The amount of proteins with a weight of 14-16 kD was slightly reduced in samples from group 1 and crucially reduced in group 2 compared to the control group, indicating an overall reduction of the amount of PTTH in the insect brain.
The authors conclude that both an acute exposure of Lymantria dispar caterpillars to both, a static or 50 Hz magnetic field, could influence the neurosecretory activity in the insect brain.

研究の種別:

研究助成

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