Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

The influence of 1800 MHz GSM-like signals on blood chemistry and oxidative stress in non-pregnant and pregnant rabbits. med./bio.

Published in: Int J Radiat Biol 2012; 88 (5): 414-419

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To study the possible effects of radiofrequency irradiation on pregnant rabbits.

Background/further details

36 rabbits (13 months old) were studied in the following four groups: 1) non-pregnant control group, 2) non-pregnant radiofrequency-exposed group, 3.) pregnant control group and 4.) pregnant exposed group. Pregnant rabbits were exposed from the 15th-22nd day of gestation. After exposure, the rabbits were left without any intervention until the end of the 30th day gestation period. Blood samples were taken one day after delivery (remark EMF-Portal: Not clear if blood samples were taken from dams only or also from the offspring).



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 1,800 MHz
Modulation type: pulsed
Exposure duration: continuous for 15 min/day during 7 days (day 15 to day 22 of gestation)

General information

Rabbits were divided into the following four groups: i) non pregnant - control group ii) non pregnant - exposed to EMF iii) pregnant - control group iv) pregnant - exposed to EMF

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 1,800 MHz
Exposure duration continuous for 15 min/day during 7 days (day 15 to day 22 of gestation)
Modulation type pulsed
Pulse width 0.576 ms
Duty cycle 12.5 %
Repetition frequency 217 Hz
Pulse type rectangular
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Chamber shielded room
Setup rabbits placed individually in a 40 cm x 25 cm x 25 cm plastic cage; horn antenna positioned directly above the cage
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
power 0.1 W - measured - -
power density 0.052 mW/cm² - measured - whole body exposure

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated material:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

Lipid peroxidation did not change after radiofrequency exposure, i.e. the data showed no indication for oxidative stress in the blood of pregnant rabbits upon radiofrequency exposure under these conditions. Minor changes in some blood chemistry parameters were detected. Creatine kinase-myocardial band isoenzyme and creatine kinase increases were remarkable in pregnant exposed animals (group 4).

Study character:

Study funded by

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