Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

GSM base station electromagnetic radiation and oxidative stress in rats med./bio.

Published in: Electromagn Biol Med 2006; 25 (3): 177-188

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To study the effects of GSM base transceiver station electromagnetic irradiation on oxidative stress and generation of free radicals in rats.

Background/further details

9 rats were exposed, 9 rats were sham-exposed.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 945 MHz
Modulation type: pulsed
Exposure duration: repeated daily exposure, 7 h/day, for 8 days

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 945 MHz
Exposure duration repeated daily exposure, 7 h/day, for 8 days
Modulation type pulsed
Repetition frequency 217 Hz
Additional info

GSM specifications

Exposure setup
Exposure source
Chamber general purpose EM shielded chamber
Setup The test subjects were placed in two transparent Plexiglas metabolic cages positioned side by side and closer to the input port of the GTEM cell. The rats (five and four) were free to move inside a volume of 24 cm x 34 cm x 12.5 cm (W x L x H). The electric field was perpendicular to the plane on which the rats were located.
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
electric field strength 37.2 V/m peak value measured - -
power density 3.67 W/m² peak value - - -
SAR 11.3 mW/kg mean measured and calculated whole body -

Reference articles

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
  • before exposure
  • during exposure
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

When electromagnetic fields at a power density of 3.67 W/m² were applied malondialdehyde level increased and glutathione concentration decreased significantly. Additionally, there was a less significant increase in superoxide dismutase activity under exposure.
The data indicate that exposure to electromagnetic fields at base station frequency may modulate the oxidative stress in rats.

Study character:

Study funded by

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