Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Mobile phone radiation during pubertal development has no effect on testicular histology in rats.

Published in: Toxicol Ind Health 2016; 32 (2): 328-336

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To evaluate the effects of radiofrequency exposure emitted by a mobile phone on the testes of of rats during the pubertal development.
Background/further details: For this study, 6 rats were exposed and 6 rats were sham exposed.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 890–915 MHz
Modulation type: pulsed
Exposure duration: 1 h/day for 45 consecutive days
Exposure 1
Main characteristics
Frequency 890–915 MHz
Exposure duration 1 h/day for 45 consecutive days
Modulation type pulsed
Repetition frequency 217 Hz
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Chamber mobile phone in talking mode was kept in a wooden cage sized 10.16 cm * 5.08 cm * 2.54 cm, rats were free to move in this cage during the exposure period
Setup exposed animals and control animals were brought back to the home room following exposure/sham exposure
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Additional info Control animals were exposed to a mobile phone without battery in a similarly sized cage for the same period in a separate, similar room
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
SAR 0.48 W/kg mean estimated - -
power 2 W peak value - - -
Reference articles
  • Ragbetli MC et al. (2010): The effect of mobile phone on the number of Purkinje cells: a stereological study.
  • Narayanan SN et al. (2010): Effect of radio-frequency electromagnetic radiations (RF-EMR) on passive avoidance behaviour and hippocampal morphology in Wistar rats.
  • Mailankot M et al. (2009): Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats.
Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated material:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

The histopathological examination of the testes revealed no significant differences between the exposed and the sham exposed rats. Additionally, no significant changes regarding apoptosis, cell proliferation, weight, length and width of testes and the blood parameters occurred.
The authors conclude that radiofrequency exposure emitted by a mobile phone has no deleterious effect on the testes of rats during the pubertal development.
Study character:

Study funded by

  • not stated/no funding

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