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Five week old animals were divided into three groups of 24 each and exposed for five weeks (from the age of 5 to 10 weeks, corresponding to reproductive maturation in the rat).
90 cm x 90 cm x 40 cm exposure boxes with inside dimensions of 70 cm x 70 cm x 34 cm covered on the inside with 6 cm thick planar RF absorbers, except for the ceiling, which was made of metal mesh and covered with a 4.2 mm thick translucent acrylic plate; a turntable covered with a 2 mm thick reflector plate was placed inside the box, with which the EMFexposure to the front side including the testis was increased; four 200 mm x 190 mm acrylic cages, housing 1 rat each, cylindrically arranged in the exposure chamber; two antennas covered with a ABS resin cap, crossing at a right angle and with a spacing of 40 mm hanging from the ceiling in the center of the exposure box
Takahashi S et al.
Lack of adverse effects of whole-body exposure to a mobile telecommunication electromagnetic field on the rat fetus.
Ogawa K et al.
Effects of gestational exposure to 1.95-GHz W-CDMA signals for IMT-2000 cellular phones: Lack of embryotoxicity and teratogenicity in rats.
Wang J et al.
Development and Dosimetry Analysis of a 2-GHz Whole-Body Exposure Setup for Unrestrained Pregnant and Newborn Rats.
Wake K et al.
An Exposure System for Long-Term and Large-Scale Animal Bioassay of 1.5-GHz Digital Cellular Phones.
Shirai T et al.
Lack of promoting effects of chronic exposure to 1.95-GHz W-CDMA signals for IMT-2000 cellular system on development of N-ethylnitrosourea-induced central nervous system tumors in F344 rats.
Celik S et al.
An evaluation of the effects of long-term cell phone use on the testes via light and electron microscope analysis.
Rat testicular impairment induced by electromagnetic radiation from a conventional cellular telephone and the protective effects of the antioxidants vitamins C and E.
Meo SA et al.
Hypospermatogenesis and spermatozoa maturation arrest in rats induced by mobile phone radiation.
Kesari KK et al.
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic wave exposure from cellular phones on the reproductive pattern in male wistar rats.
Otitoloju AA et al.
Preliminary study on the induction of sperm head abnormalities in mice, Mus musculus, exposed to radiofrequency radiations from global system for mobile communication base stations.