この研究は、人が居住環境および職場環境においてばく露を受ける可能性のある強度の50 Hzの電磁界（ELF-EMF）がラットに内分泌学的影響を引き起こすか否かを調べた。実験にはMill Hillラットを用いた。ラットは、出生24時間後から生後2〜6か月間、1日7時間、週5日間、動物ケージに沿って磁束密度が500 µTから50 µTまでに減衰するELF-EMFばく露を受けた。ラットの松果体、甲状腺、および副腎の形態学的および形態計測学的変化を検査した。その結果、（1）3、5、および6か月のばく露後に甲状腺の活動低下が見られたが、2および4か月のばく露後にはその活動の増加が見られた；（2）3か月のばく露後に松果体細胞の体積密度の減少が見られた；（3）5か月のばく露後に、副腎皮質と髄質の体積密度の減少が見られた、と報告している。
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The effects of exposure of rats to a 50 Hz magnetic field on morphological parameters of the pineal gland, thyroid gland and adrenal gland should be investigated.
A total of 63 male rats was used in the study. 37 rats were exposed to the magnetic field (exposure groups) for 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 months. For each group, a separate control group was used (remark EMF-Portal: the sizes of the individual groups are not specified in the article). Additionally, an unknown number of animals (remark EMF-Portal: also rats?) was exposed or not exposed (control group) to the magnetic field over 3 months in summer (summer group) or winter (winter group).
|ばく露時間||continuous for 7 h/day, 5 days/week for 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months starting 24 h after birth|
|ばく露装置の詳細||coil consisting of 1320 turns of 2.5 mm thick wire wound on a wooden frame; cages with animals placed symmetrically on both sides of the coil, resulting in a magnetic field with decaying strength in the cages|
|Sham exposure||A sham exposure was conducted.|
In the thyroid gland, exposure to the magnetic field months led to a significantly increased volume density of the follicular epithelium and significantly increased activation index after 2 months and 4 months compared to the control groups. However, these parameters were significantly decreased after 3, 5 and 6 months of exposure.
In the pineal gland, the volume density of interfollicular tissue was significantly decreased after 3 months and significantly increased after 5 and 6 months of exposure in comparison to the control groups while no changes were observed after 2 and 4 months. The volume density of pinealocytes showed a significant decrease both during summer and winter in exposed animals compared to the control groups.
In the adrenal gland of exposed animals, a significantly increased volume density of the adrenal cortex compared to the control group was found after 5 months while the volume density of the medulla was significantly decreased (remark EMF-Portal: there were no further results for the adrenal gland stated).
The authors conclude that exposure of rats to a 50 Hz magnetic field might cause morphological changes in the pineal gland, thyroid gland and adrenal gland.