60 pregnant rats were exposed or sham-exposed to a WiFi signal at different SAR values during the last two weeks of gestation (cage control, sham exposure group and three exposure groups à 12 animals). Following the in utero exposure, the pups were divided into two groups: one group continued exposure for 5 weeks after birth (together with the dams and three pups per litter) and the rest of the litter (exposed only in utero) was kept in the animal facility for 5 weeks (n=3-15 per litter). One pup per litter was investigated.
|Exposure 1: 2.45 GHz|
Rats were divided into five groups: i) cage control ii) sham exposure iii) whole body exposure at 0.08 W/kg (public exposure limit) iv) whole body exposure at 0.4 W/kg (professional exposure limit) v) whole body exposure at 4 W/kg (ICNIRP critical level)
|Setup||150 cm x 150 cm x 150 cm cubic reverberation chamber with six dipole antennas, activated at random and three paddles for mode stirring; animal cages placed in a 40 cm x 40 cm x 40 cm volume at the center of the chamber|
|Sham exposure||A sham exposure was conducted.|
|Additional info||Wi-Fi signal (IEEE 802.11 b/g) based on the "dialog" between two PCs equipped with Wi-Fi cards|
Under these experimental conditions, whole body exposure in utero with and without extended postnatal exposure to a WiFi signal did not trigger persistent astroglia activation or did not induce apoptosis in the brains of young rats. These data suggest that prenatal exposure to WiFi has no deleterious effects on the integrity of the developing rat brain.