Rats were divided into four groups (n=8 per group): 1.) cage control, 2.) sham exposure + saline, 3.) exposure and 4.) exposure + melatonin (10 mg/kg per day). After 30 days of exposure, rats were sacrificed and testis were taken.
|Exposure duration||continuous for 1 h/day on 30 days|
|Repetition frequency||217 Hz|
|Distance between exposed object and exposure source||1 m|
|Setup||15 cm long cylindrical constrainers with a diameter of 5 cm, holding one rat each, positioned radially on a plexiglass ground plate with the antenna in the center; 8 rats (Figure shows 6 rats (?)) placed with their noses near the antenna (distance between testis of the rat and antenna nearly 1 m (?!); exposure system kept in a Faraday cage|
|Sham exposure||A sham exposure was conducted.|
No significant difference in the weight of the testis was found among the groups.
The values for lipid peroxidation in the exposed group were significantly higher than in the cage control and the sham exposure group. However, exposed rats treated with melatonin had significant lower values for lipid peroxidation when compared to the exposed group without melatonin treatment.
The level of glutathione was significantly decreased in the exposed group with melatonin compared to the exposed group without melatonin administration. The enzyme activity of the glutathione peroxidase was significantly increased in the exposed group with melatonin in comparison to the exposed animals without melatonin and the control groups.
A significant decrease in the levels of vitamin A and a significant increase in the vitamin E levels were found in both exposure groups when compared to the control groups. Moreover, the level of vitamin E in the exposure group with melatonin was significantly higher than in the exposure group without melatonin.
Among the groups, no difference in the content of vitamin C and beta-carotene was found.
The authors conclude that exposure to an electromagnetic field could induce oxidative damage in rat testis. A melatonin administration could prevent oxidative damage and support the antioxidant defense system.