この論文は、1.8GHz無線周波電磁界放射の単独ばく露および1.8GHz放射とイチョウ葉エキス（EGb 761）での前処理との組み合わせばく露によるヒト末梢血リンパ球（hPBLs）の突然変異的および形態学的影響を姉妹染色体分体交換および電子顕微鏡的観察で調べている。結論として、無線周波数電磁界放射はhPBLs における染色体損傷を誘導するが、この損傷はEGb 761での前処理によって軽減されるかも知れないと述べている。
The detailed summary of this article is not available in your language or incomplete. Would you like to see a complete translation of the summary? Then please contact us →
The effects of exposure of human peripheral blood lymphocytes to a 1.8 GHz electromagnetic field with or without co-exposure with a Ginkgo biloba extract on the mutation rate, cell viability and cell morphology should be investigated.
Cells were divided into 3 groups: 1) sham exposure, 2) exposure to the electromagnetic field, 3) exposure and addition of 100 µg/ml Ginkgo biloba extract "EGb 761" prior to the exposure.
All experiments were performed as triplicates.
Modulation type: pulsed
ばく露時間: continuous for 6, 8, 12 and 48 h
|ばく露時間||continuous for 6, 8, 12 and 48 h|
|Pulse width||0.576 ms|
|Duty cycle||12.5 %|
|Repetition frequency||217 Hz|
|Distance between exposed object and exposure source||10 cm|
|チャンバの詳細||2 ml round bottom test tubes containing 0.5 lymphocytes solution|
|ばく露装置の詳細||rectangular horn antenna was placed vertically above the exposure tubes and radiating downwards; temperature inside the chamber was kept at 37°C by circulating water through a waterbed placed underneath the exposure tubes|
|Sham exposure||A sham exposure was conducted.|
|Additional information||no temperature difference was observed between sham exposed and exposed cells|
At all points in time, the mutation rate was significantly higher in group 2 (only exposure) compared to the sham exposure group. At the same time, the mutation rate was significantly lower in group 3 (exposure + EGb 761) compared to group 2.
The cell viability was significantly reduced in group 2 compared to the sham exposure group at all points in time and it was significantly increased in group 3 after 8 hours and 24 hours of exposure compared to group 2.
Morphological abnormalities were spotted in group 2 at each point in time, with a tendency towards more pronounced and severe effects with growing exposure duration (remark EMF-Portal: no examination of other groups and no comparison; result unclear). The effects ranged from variations in the cell size after 6 hours of exposure to distinct organelle and membrane destruction after 48 hours of exposure.
The authors conclude that exposure of human peripheral blood lymphocytes to a 1.8 GHz electromagnetic field might increase the mutation rate, decrease cell viability and alter cell morphology, and that EGb 761 could reduce these effects.