研究のタイプ: 疫学研究 (observational study)

[携帯電話基地局の健康への影響] epidem.

Mobile Phone Base Stations Health Effects.

掲載誌: Diyala Journal of Medicine 2011; 1 (1): 44-52

この研究は、イラクの都市バアクーバで、2010年の5-6月に、8ヵ所の携帯電話基地局周辺に1年以上居住する人を無作為抽出し(n=375:女性200人、男性175人)、非特異的健康症状(NSHS)を調査した横断研究である。対象者を基地局からの距離300m以内とそれより遠方に分けた分析では、距離300m以内の居住者の方が、遠方の居住者に比べ、さまざまな不定愁訴の報告が多かった、などを報告した他、距離区分を10、50、100、200mとした分析の結果も報告している。

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研究の目的(著者による)

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Iraq to examine health complaints among subjects living near mobile phone base stations.

影響評価項目/リスク推定のタイプ

リスク推定のタイプ:

ばく露

ばく露評価

ばく露集団

グループ 説明
参照集団 1 distance between residence and base station: > 300 m
集団 2 distance between residence and base station: ≤ 300 m
集団 3 distance between residence and base station: < 10 m
集団 4 distance between residence and base station: 10 - 50 m
集団 5 distance between residence and base station: 50 - 100 m
集団 6 distance between residence and base station: 100 - 200 m
集団 7 distance between residence and base station: 200 - 300 m

調査対象集団

調査規模

タイプ
合計 375
統計学的分析方法:

結論(著者による)

Most of the health complaints such as headache, irritability, nausea, appetite loss, discomfort, sleep disturbance, depressive tendencies, memory loss, difficulty in concentration, dizziness and lowering of libido were statistically significantly more often reported by residents living in a distance of less than 300 m to a base station compared to those living in a distance of more than 300 m to a base station. Significant differences were observed up to 100 m to a base station for symptoms such as: headaches sleep disturbances, irritability, depressive tendencies, feeling of discomfort, difficulties in concentration, memory loss and lowering of libido.
The authors suggested that mobile phone base stations should not be sited closer than 300 m to residences to minimize exposure of the residents.

研究助成

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